Apogon bandanensis   Bleeker,  1822 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 10 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens brownish, silvery below. Cloudy dark brown patches below first and second dorsal, not always distinct. A dark brown band on caudal peduncle, at some distance of base of caudal, sometimes only present on upper part of peduncle and forming a saddle, sometimes better developed but never apparently encircling the whole peduncle and in other specimens very indistinct. A narrow black oblique streak from eye to corner of praeoperculum. Front part of first dorsal dark, second dorsal and anal somewhat dusky. Pectorals and ventrals colourless. In some specimens, preserved in formaline, there are about nine dark transverse bands visible on the body, as broad as the interspaces.

Dorsal proflie rather arched, profile of head rounded. Height 2.4-2.8, 3.1-3.5 in length with caudal. Eye large 2.1-2.5. Snout equal to half eye or a little longer. Interorbital space about five eighths of eye. Mouth oblique, lower jaw somewhat prominent. Maxillary reaching to below hindborder of pupil. Height of maxillary posteriorly thrice in eye. Praeoperculum finely serrated along its hind and lower border. Praeopercular ridge and praeorbital smooth, orbital rim narrow, scarcely rough. First dorsal spine minute, second one third or a little less than one half of third one, which is somewhat longer, but not stronger than fourth and equal to snout and eye or somewhat shorter. Spine of second dorsal equal to fourth spine of first dorsal and to postorbital part of head or a little shorter. Second anal spine about equal to eye. Longest soft rays of dorsal somewhat longer than those of anal and equal to distance between hindborder of operculum and middle or frontborder of pupil, and about as long as pectorals, which are somewhat longer than ventrals. Caudal feebly incised, the lobes rounded. Teeth in two or three rows in jaws, in an indistinct double row on vomer and in a single row on palatines. Least height of caudal peduncle about 1.3 in its length, equal to postorbital part of head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Apogon savayensis Day, 1878
Apogon fuscus Quoy and Gaimard, 1824
Apogon monochrous Klunzinger, 1870
Apogon savayensis Gunther, 1871
Apogon savayensis Gunther, 1875
Amia bandanensis Bleeker, 1876
Apogon savayensis Day, 1878
Apogon bandanensis Klunzinger, 1884
Apogon bandanensis Day, 1889
Apogon (batjanensis Blkr.) M. Weber, 1895
Apogon savayensis Seale, 1901
Apogon nubilus Garman, 1903
Amia savayensis Jordan and Seale, 1906
Apogon bandanensis M. Weber, 1913
Apogon savayensis de Beaufort, 1913
Amia savayensis Fowler, 1918

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Bait fish)



• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • www.diverosa.com Available at - http://www.diverosa.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Radhakrisnan, EV; Kathirvel, M; Devarajan, K; Vijayakumaran, M; Poovannan, P; Thangavelu, R; Hameed, KS; Sankaralingam, S; Ramakrishnan, A and Thangar, VS (1989) An unusual congregation of organisms in the catches off Kovalam, Madras Marine fisheries information service ICAR 99 16-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/806/1/Bulletin_No_32.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-09-28

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