Cypselurus spilopterus   (Valenciennes,  1847) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service

Size: 170-300 mm

Color: Bluish brown above becoming whitish below. Dorsal pale and often with a dark blotch distally between 6th to 11th dorsal ray. Pectoral light bluish with several large black spots, lower and posterior edge hyaline. Anal and ventral hyaline, tips of median rays of ventral sometimes dark. Caudal dusky.

Head 4.0-4.5 in standard length, 5.2-5.7 in total length. Depth of body 5.0-5.3 in standard length, 6.5-6.9 in total length. Breadth of body about 1.4 in its depth. Eye diameter 2.9-3.2 in head, 0.6-0.7 in snout and about 1.3 in slightly concave interorbital space. Teeth simple, in narrow bands in jaws and a small patch on palatines. Pectoral fin reaching to end of dorsal. Ventral fin longer than head, reaching to middle of anal fin and inserted midway between hind border of eye and caudal fin base or slightly nearer to the latter. Origin of anal fin below 6th dorsal ray. Anal fin base 1.6-1.7 in base of dorsal fin.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: 13-15; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 10-11; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 12-13; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 51-57; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 8 ½ +1+3 ; number of scales along the dorsal mid-line of the head and back, anterior to the origin of dorsal fin: 32-36; gill raker count: 5+16-17.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Cypselurus spilopterus Chandy, 1954
Exocoetus poecilopterus Day, 1877
Exocoetus spilopterus Valenciennes, 1846
Exocoetus spilopterus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846
Exocoetus poecilopterus Day, 1878
Cypselurus spilopterus Jones, 1969
Cypsilurus spilopterus Weber and de Beaufort, 1922

Common Name (s)
• Fulliparava
• Sikkifulanghi
• Indian Spotted Flyingfish (English)
• Thai Kolah (Tamil)
• Parravy Kolah (Tamil)
• Gobirange (Telugu)
• Pakharu Masa (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial



• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• INDIA (Record: 1980)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-24

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