Holothuria (Selenkothuria) moebii   Ludwig,  1833 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Image copyrights: RIMI

Description
Size: 137mm -146mm

Colour: dark brown on the dorsal side and light brown on the ventral side.

Body spindle-shaped, with a bulge at the middle when alive; ventral side clearly demarcated into a 'sole' which has four distinct rows of pedicels. Dorsally, the papillae are sparsely arranged; small stone canals and a single polian vesicle present. Calcareous ring large and massive. Radials much larger than the inter-radials and circular in outline with a cleft at the top. Inter-radials like small stumps. Spicules consist of spinose rods with finely spinulated surface mostly simple with a hole at each end. Some of the rods have three or four rays. The length and the breadth of the rods varies; pedicels have large end plates and curved rods.


Synonym (s)
Holothuria lucifuga Quoy & Gaimard, 1834

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam Camp INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • James, DB (1995) Taxonomic studies of the species of Holothuria (Linnaeus, 1767) from the seas around India. Part 1 Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 92(1) 43-62 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7434/1/449-J._BOMBAY_NAT.HISTORY_SOC_1995.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-21

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