Scartelaos viridis   (Hamilton)  1822 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 140 mm.

Color: Slaty blue above, lighter below. On head, base of pectoral fin, back and dorsal fins small black spots. On lower half of body some (4-6) short transversal, brownish bars. Upper part of caudal fin with dark bands, lower part white, tip black.

Body very elongate, height 6.5-9 in length, 8 3/4-10 in total length. Head depressed, 3 1/2- 4 1/2 in length. Eye close together, 5 3/4 -6 1/2 in head. Snout broad, 3 1/2-4 in head. Nostrils ending anteriorly in a free flap. Mouth horizontal, upper jaw prominent. Maxillary extends to below posterior margin of eye, or farther. Teeth in upper jaw anteriorly 12-14 canines, laterally the teeth are smaller. In lower jaw 24-30 horizontal teeth, a pair of canines behind symphysis. A row of barbels along the ramus of ;ower jaw. Scales of body small, rudimentary. Head naked. warty. Dorsal fins widely separate. Base of first dorsal fin short. First dorsal fin higher than body, Third ray is the longest. Second dorsal fin a little lower than body, Last ray mostly connected by membrane to the caudal fin. Anal fin lower than second dorsal fin. Pectoral fin rounded, much shorter than head, base muscular. Ventral fin as long as pectoral fin. Caudal fin lanceolate, longer than head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Gobiosoma guttulatum Macleay 1878
Boleophthalmus viridis Day 1876
Gobius viridis Hamilton 1822
Scartelaos histophorus Talwar and Jhingran 1991
Boleophthalmus histophorus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1837
Boleophthalmus virids Cuvier and Valenciennes
Boleopthalmus sinicus Cuvier and Valenciennes
Boleophthalmus chinensis Cuvier and Valenciennes
Boleophthalmus aucupatorius Richardson 1842
Boleophthalmus viridis Cantor 1850
Boleophthalmus viridis Gunther 1861
Apocryptes macrophthalmus Castelnau 1873
Bolephthalmus viridus Day 1889
Gobiosoma punctularum De Vis 1884
Pseudapocryptes punctulorum Jordan and Seale 1906
Bolephthalmus viridus M. Weber 1980
Boleophthalmus novaeguineae Hase 1914
Scartelaos varidis McCulloch and Ogilby 1919
Boleophthalmus viridis Vinciguerra 1926
Scartelaos viridis Herre 1927
Boleophthalmus viridis Fowler 1928
Boleophthalmus viridis Wu 1931
Gobiosoma punctularum Koumans
Scartelaos varidis Koumans

Common Name (s)
• Moppa (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• INDIA (Record: 1953)

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-02-26

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