Pentaceraster regulus   (Muller & Troschel,  1842) (Starfish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Asteroidea
Order:Valvatida
Family:Oreasteridae

Image copyrights: David Harasti

Description
It is characterized by five equal arms, closely packed flat polygonal granule-covering and absence of spines, though sometimes enlarged conical granules may be present on the marginal plates.


Synonym (s)
Pentaceros regulus Mueller and Troschel, 1842
Protoreaster australis James, 1969
Pentaceraster regulus Clark and Rowe, 1971
Pentaceraster australis James, 1969
Pentacerous regulus Muller & Troschel, 1842
Oreaster alveolatus Livingstone, 1932
Oreaster australis Lutken, 1871
Oreaster doederleini Goto, 1914
Oreaster luetkeni Bell, 1884
Oreaster magnificus Goto, 1914
Oreaster regulus Muller & Troschel, 1842
Pentaceraster australis (Lutken, 1871)
Pentaceraster cebuana Doderlein, 1936
Pentaceraster odhneri Doderlein, 1926
Pentaceros australis (Lutken, 1871)
Pentaceros luetkeni (Bell, 1884)
Pentaceros margaritifer Doderlein, 1926
Pentaceros regulus Sladen, 1889
Pentaceraster regulus AM. Clark & Rowe, 1971

Common Name (s)
• Cushion Starfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Ecosystem balance
(Efficient bioturbator)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1963-1970)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Poomarichan Island INDIA (Record: 04/2002, 12/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA (Record: 04/2002, 12/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA (Record: 04/2002, 12/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Pullivasal Island INDIA (Record: 04/2002, 12/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA (Record: 04/2002, 12/2002)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 07/2005-06/2006)
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 1968) (Depth: 1 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Serebiah, JS; Stella, C and Kadhar, AA (2008) Assessment of benthos in the subtidal area of Thondi (Palk Bay), southeast Tamilnadu- GIS based explication Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 279-296 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Scuba equipment USA - Marine species gallery Available at - http://www.scuba-equipment-usa.com/marine/index.html
  • Nithyanandan, K and Venkataraman, K (2005) Preliminary observations on the abundance of Pentaceraster regulus (Muller and Troschel, 1842) (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) in Mandapam group of islands, Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 246-249 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • Anbuchezhian, R; Ravichandran, S; Serebiah, JS and Nobi, EP (2010) Geographic information system based assessment of benthic macrofauna in Thondi coastal area, south east coast of India World Journal of Zoology International Digital Organization for Scientific Information 5 (3) 172-182 Available at - www.idosi.org/wjz/wjz5(3)10/6.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-21

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