Modiolus metcalfei [Status Unaccepted]   (Hanley,  1843) (Mussel)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Mytiloida
Family:Mytilidae

Image copyrights: Bisyogai Database

Description
Size: 8.0 cm TL

Color: Outside of shell dull olive brown, often with a median yellowish radial band. Interior pearly, pale greyish blue to purple.

Shell rather inflated, roughly triangular and elongate-ovate in outline. Anterior margin short, slightly protruding anteriorly beyond the umbones. Posterodorsal margin straightish, forming a rather sharp angle with the produced, roundly wedge-shaped posterior margin. Ventral margin long and nearly straight in the posterior 2/3, recurved anteriorly. Outer surface smoothish, with only fine concentric growth marks, frequently eroded towards the umbones. Periostracum hairs not branched, developed on posterior half of the of valves. Hinge line smooth, without teeth or crenulations. Anterior adductor scar present. Internal margins smooth. the shell is thin, anterior margin bluntly angular and rounded, dorsal margin angular in the middle, there is a keel running from umbo to posteroventral margin and the surface is covered with a fine brownish hairy periostracuni.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Yellowbanded Horse Mussel (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam Coast (Lat: 17.7) (Long: 83.3) INDIA
• Goa (Lat: 15.4) (Long: 73.8) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Gujarat, Gopnath INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahuva INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 79.8) (Long: 11.88) INDIA (Record: 01/2009)
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 79.81) (Long: 11.76) INDIA (Record: 01/2009)
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.13) INDIA (Record: 04/1994-09/1994)
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.94) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.96) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 78.13) (Long: 8.58) INDIA (Record: 01/1994- 12/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 79.5) (Long: 9.33) INDIA (Record: 01/1994- 12/1995)

Literature Source(s)
  • Shanmugam, A; Rajagopal, S and Nazeer, RA Common bivalves of Parangipettai coast Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarma, ALN (1977) The phytal fauna of Sargassum off Visakhapatnam coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Ernakulam, Cochin-682 011, India 16(3) 741-755 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Parulekar, AH; Nair, SA; Ansari, ZA; Harkantra, SN; Chatterji, A; Ingole, BS and Roy, JM (1984) Ecology and culturing of edible bivalves in Goa Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 13 190-192 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Parulekar, AH; Dhargalkar, VK and Singbal, SYS (1980) Benthic studies in Goa estuaries: Part III- Annual cycle of macrofaunal distribution, production and trophic relations Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 9 189-200 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Vijayakumar, R; Ansari, ZA and Parulekar, AH (1991) Benthic fauna of Kakinada bay and backwaters, east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 195-199 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/3190/2/Indian_J_Mar_Sci_20_195.pdf
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (1999) Bisyogai Database Available at - http://bigai.world.coocan.jp/
  • Ragunathan, C; Tewari, A; Joshi, HV; Sravan Kumar, VG; Trivedi, RH and Khambathy, Y (2003) Impact of turbidity on intertidal macrofauna at Gopnath, Mahuva and Veraval coasts(west coast of India) Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 32(3) 214-221 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4269/1/IJMS%2032%283%29%20214-221.pdf
  • Kesavan, K; Babu, A; Ravi, V and Rajagopal, S (2009) A checklist of malacofauna from Pondicherry mangroves International Journal of the Bioflux Society Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 31-36 Available at - www.aes.bioflux.com.ro/docs/2009.1.31-36.pdf
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Kesavan, K; Palpandi, C and Shanmugam, A (2009) A checklist of malacofauna of the Vellar estuarine mangroves, India Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(7) 382-384 Available at - threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2009/July/o191226vii09382-384.pdf
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Rao, KS (1974) Other commercial molluscs The commercial molluscs of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 25 141-151 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/654/1/ksrao2.pdf
  • Ramesh, DA; Jeyabaskaran, R and Pandian, ALP (1996) Gastropods and bivalves associated with reef building corals, Palk Bay, southeastern India Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication Phuket marine biology Center 16 257-260 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7666/1/669._Asi.pdf
  • Venkatesan, V; Kalidas, C; Zacharia, PU and Rajagopal, S (2010) Distribution of molluscan fauna in the Karangad estuarine mangroves, south east coast of India Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society Bioflux 2 (2) 113-119 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6960/1/083-AES_BIOGLUX_2010.pdf
  • Jayabal, R and Kalyani, M (1989) Check list of estuarine and marine bivalves of Porto Novo waters Mahasagar NIO, Goa 22(3) 147-150 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Hameed, PS and Somasundaram, SSN (1998) A survey of bivalve molluscs in Gulf of Mannar, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 45(2) 177-181 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/download/8741/3650

Page last updated on:2012-03-07

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