Sillago maculata   Quoy and Gaimard,  1824 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Maddern, M.

Size: 12-30 cm.

Color: Back light brown, lower flanks and belly whitish or silvery, with a silvery stripe along middle of flanks; conspicuous dark blotches on back and flanks; a blue/black spot at base of pectoral fin; spinous dorsal fin blotched on membrane; 2nd dorsal fin blotched to form 2 horizontal or slightly converging bars; anal fin yellow with a horizontal stripe very finely speckled with black or dark brown and with a white margin; upper and lower margins of caudal fin brown, hind margin dark.

Height more or less than 5 in length, head about 3.25, pointed, its rostro-frontal line slightly convex, the vertex and opercular apparatus covered with ctenoid, the interorbital space with cycloid scales. Eye more or less than 3 1/2 in head, its diameter more than interorbital space, much shorter than snout. Mouth small, lower jaw included, the upper reaches nearly half way to below front border of eye. Ten gillrakers on lower limb of anterior arch. Vertical limb of praeoperculum finely serrated, operculum with a small spine. Three series of scales on cheeks. Five to six spines between lateral line and anterior dorsal spine. A band of villiform teeth in jaws and on vomer. Dorsal fins approximate, the anterior conspicuously higher than the posterior, its spines slender, weak, the third to fifth subequal, about as high as body, their membrane squamulate, soft dorsal slightly emarginate, without interradial scales. Anal of similar structure and length. Caudal slightly emarginate, about equal to head without snout. Pectorals and ventrals acute, subequal, about as long as head without snout. Anterolateral extensions of swim bladder recurved posteriorly to reach level of vent. Base of pectoral fin with black spot, back and sides with dark blotches. The upper and lower blotches are frequently joined, at least posteriorly, the upper blotches are generally larger. The opercle is dull or with an inner dark blotch showing through. Dorsal spines (total): 12 - 13, Dorsal soft rays (total): 19 - 21, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 19-20, Vertebrae: 34-36.

Oviparous, dioecious, external fertilization. Non-guarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers. Spawn throughout the year with peaks in Dec.-Feb.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Sillago maculata Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Sillago maculata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Sillago maculata Bleeker, 1849
Sillago maculata Gunther, 1860
Sillago maculata Kner, 1867
Sillago gracilis Alleyne and Macleay, 1877
Sillago maculata Day, 1888
Sillago maculata Macleay, 1881
Sillago maculata McCulloch, 1919
Sillago maculata Fowler, 1925
Sillago maculata Barnard, 1927

Common Name (s)
• Trumpeter Sillago (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, nekton, finfish, shrimps, bony fish


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Suppa, M; Suebsin, S; Suri, V and Songsirikul, T (1997) Checklist of fishes in Thailand Office of Environmental Policy and Planning 1-353 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1931) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 6 448 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • McKay, RJ (1976) The fishes of the family Sillaginidae from india with description of a new species journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india, Cochin 18(2) 375-385 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-18

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