Parapenaeopsis uncta [Status Unaccepted]   Alcock,  1905 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Penaeidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Max. size: 120 mm TL.

Color: Brown; rostrum darker, carapace often yellowish laterally and with a large, dorsoposterior dark brown patch; abdomen with white areas making it to appear brown-banded; pereopods and pleopods yellow-red-brownish; uropods brownish proximally, blackish distally, with a white-bluish band along margins on distal half.

Rostrum armed with 9 to 11 dorsal teeth; in females and young males sigmoid-shaped, toothless on distal 1/4 to 1/3 and styliform, usually reaching third antennular article or beyond; in large males, straight, not reaching beyond second antennular article; epigastric tooth present, but small in males; postrostral crest grooved, almost reaching posterior margin of carapace; longitudinal suture reaching 3/4 of carapace length; telson unarmed; antennular flagella 0.45 to 0.60 times the length of carapace; epipod and basial spine present on first pereopod, both also present on second pereopod of females, but in males the basial spine is absent or very small. In males, distolateral projections of petasma simply tapering to ends each with a long dorsomedian spine-like process; distomedian projections very small. In females, anterior plate of thelycum wide and short, with curved anterior margin and with 2 longitudinal ridges, medially fused with the quadrate posterior plate.


Synonym (s)
Parapenaeopsis probata Hall, 1961
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Uncta Shrimp (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Colachel INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• PAKISTAN
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Colachel INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• South West Coast INDIA
• Orissa Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
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  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
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Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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