Gorgonella umbraculum   (Ellis & Solander)  (Sea fan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Gorgonacea
Family:Gorgonellidae

Image copyrights: The Marine Biological Association of India

Description
Color: Orange when fresh and flesh colored on drying. Spicules light yellow and axial part pale orange.

Colony fan shaped and closely reticulate. Stalk robust, often ridged and usually expanded. Branchlets divide and redivide and get interconnected in a scalariform pattern producing small meshes of 4 x 5 mm on an average. Coenchyme granular. Spicules are spindles, 0.084 x 0.025 mm, dumb-bells, 0.063 x 0.033 mm and smaller dumb-bells, 0.025 x 0.021 mm.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Rocky

Biogeography


• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA (Record: 1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Thengapattinam INDIA (Record: 1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Colachel INDIA (Record: 1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Muttum INDIA (Record: 1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA (Record: 1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thoothukkudi INDIA (Record: 1991-1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA (Record: 1991-1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA (Record: 1991-1992)

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mary, AG and Lazarus, S (2004) Gorgonids off the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 46(1) 32-43 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Velayutham, P; Venkataramanujam, K and Ramadhass, V (2005) Studies on commercially important gorgonians in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 36-40 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-01-19

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