Echinogorgia complexa   Nutting,  1910 (Soft coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Anthozoa

Color: Brown, axis dark brown, 'd' spicules colorless.

Colonies reticulate often forming circular to oval expansions. Stalk robust. Polyps completely contractile but collarets rest above the calyx margin. Spicules are of leaf clubs with root-like and tuberculated process, ordinary clubs, 0.33 x 0.126 mm, toothed spindles, 0.94 x 0.07 mm, granulated spindles and multiradiates.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic, Rocky


• Orissa, Gopalpur (Lat: 19.23) (Long: 82.03) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kadiapattanam INDIA (Record: 1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA (Record: 1997)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA (Record: 1991-1992)
• Tamil Nadu, Thoothukkudi INDIA (Record: 1991-1992)
• West Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wilsanand, V; Wagh, AB and Bapuji, M (1999) Antifouling activities of marine sedentary invertebrates on some macrofoulers Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 28 280-284 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Mary, AG and Lazarus, S (2004) Gorgonids off the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 46(1) 32-43 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Velayutham, P; Venkataramanujam, K and Ramadhass, V (2005) Studies on commercially important gorgonians in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 36-40 Available at -
  • Thomas, PA and Jacob, RM (1987) On five species of commercially important gorgonids new to Indian seas Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian journal of Fisheries For the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 34 (1) 20-27 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-03-12

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