Rallina canningi   Blyth,  1863 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Gruiformes
Family:Rallidae

Image copyrights: Ezhilarasinatarajan

Description
Size: 34 cm.

Voice: Deep croak, kroop! kroop!, and sharp chick, chick.

Habits: Skulker, prefers reeds and herbs, carries itself on its legs. Breeding season falls between June and August. The nest is a collection of grass, dead leaves and rushes placed on the ground in marshy areas or near streams in dense forest.

Adult: Sexes alike, larger than Slaty-legged Crake. Bill pale green, upperparts and breast deep glossy ruddy chestnut, belly dark-grey with chestnut tinge and bold black and white barring, legs and feet olive green. Juvenile: With duller chestnut upperparts and breast, dark greyish belly with chestnut tinge and narrow white barring.

Synonym (s)
Euryzona canningi Tyrler, 1863

Common Name (s)
• Andaman Banded Crake (English)
• Andaman Crake (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Habitat loss: Many of the Amdaman endemics are threatened by their naturally limited distribution and scarcity, coupled with the degradation and destruction of available habitat by people. The impact of development and natural resource exploitation is increasing in most relevent habitats on the islands. In the area of South Andaman where this species was seen in 2000, the forest habitat was under pressure from logging and settlement, and deforestation was already widespread. There might aslo be a problem with introduced predators, such as dogs and cats, which possibly hunt this species and have brought many island rallids to the brink of extinction or beyond.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  The diet comprises beetles,grasshoppers, worms, small snails and caterpillars, small freshwater fish and shrimps.
IUCN Status:  Near Threatened

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at - http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/bird.php
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Dasgupta, JM; Roy, SB and Datta, BK (2002) Endemic birds of India Occasional paper no 200 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 16072 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mohapatra, A and Venkateswarlu, T (1995) Fishes from upper reaches of Vasista Godavari estuary near Narsapur, Andhra Pradesh Environment and Ecology 13(4) 800-808
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Animal Photo Album Available at - http://www.animalpicturesarchive.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Davidar, Priya; Yoganand, K; Ganesh, T and Nayak, KG (2007) Avifauna of the andaman islands: preliminary inventory and distributional patterns Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 298-310 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-31

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