Porzana pusilla   (Pallas,  1776) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Gruiformes
Family:Rallidae

Image copyrights: pbase.com

Description
Size: 17-19 cm

Adult: Sexes alike. The smallest Indian Rail. Bill horny-green; a brownish streak through eye over ear-coverts to sides of neck; supercilium, sides of head and neck, breast and anterior abdomen grey; remaining upper plumage rufous-brown broadly streaked dark brown; scapulars, back, rump and upper tail-coverts with narrow white paint-like smears; posterior abdomen vent and under tail-coverts barred brown and white; legs and feet yellowish-green. Juvenile: Like adult but paler above; brown eye-streak broader; almost white below, sides of neck, breast and flanks suffused with ruddy brown.

Voice: Rattling trill trrrrriii.

Habits: Generally keeps singly or in pairs; great skulker, hides in reeds; chiefly crepuscular.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Baillon's Crake (English)
• Marsh Crake (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Sanctuary Asia natural history species: Species checklist: Birds Sanctuary Asia Sanctuary Magazine Available at - http://www.sanctuaryasia.com/resources/speciechklist/bird.php
  • Tikader, BK (1984) Birds of Andaman and Nicobar Island ZSI, Kolkata 1-167 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Repository of specimens of Indian origin in the Liverpool museum
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/19pdfs/Urfi-Okhla.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-10-17

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