Polycheira rufescens   (Brandt,  1835) (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Apodida
Family:Chiridotidae

Description
Size: 150 mm.

Tentacles 18, peltatodigitate. Soft body with very thin, transparent body wall. Calcareous ring consists of 18 pieces. Spicules consisting of wheels and sigmoid bodies, wheels with spokes arranged regularly, number of spokes normally 5. Sigmoid bodies smooth, blunt and rounded at ends.


Synonym (s)
Chiridota rufescens Brandt, 1835
Polychaira rutescens Clark and Rowe, 1981
Chiridota dubia Semper, 1867
Chiridota incogrua Semper, 1867
Chiridota panaensis Semper, 1867
Chiridota variabilis Semper, 1867
Chirodota vitiensis Graffe in Semper, 1867
Fistularia fusca Quoy & Gaimard, 1834

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair (Lat: 11.67) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1971)
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rangat Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Riaz, A and Skewes, T (2005) Resource assessment of the holothurian populations in the Seychelles Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 21 19-21 Available at - http://www.spc.int/coastfish/News/BDM/21/BDM21.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, DB (1983) Research on Indian echinoderms-A review Journal of Marine Biological association of India The Marine Biological Association of India. 25(1&2) 91-108 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1294/1/James_91-108.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-06

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