Heterocentrotus mammillatus [Status Unaccepted]   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Sea Urchin)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Echinoidea

Image copyrights: Bryan Harry

Length of the test (L) = 19 mm.

Test (shell) oval, long axis through ambulacrum II and interambulacrum 4. Tubercles imperforate and non-crenulate. Primary spines on aboral side massive, club-shaped, particularly large at the ambitus. Secondary spines short with flattened tips. Pore pairs eight or more per arc.

Synonym (s)
Echinus mammillatus Linnaeus, 1758
Heterocentrotus mammillatus James, 1969
Acrocladia blainvillei (Des Moulins, 1837)
Heterocentrotus mammilatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
(Senior synonym)
Acrocladia blainvillii (Des Moulins, 1837)
Acrocladia hastifera (Eydoux & Souleyet, 1844)
Acrocladia mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Acrocladia planispina von Martens, 1886
Acrocladia serialis Perrier, 1869
Cidaris mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Echinometra (Acrocladia) planispina von Martens, 1886
Echinometra (Acrocladia) planissima von Martens, 1886
Echinometra blainvillii Des Moulins, 1837
Echinometra carinata (Blainville, 1825)
Echinometra hastifera Eydoux & Souleyet, 1844
Echinometra mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Echinus carinatus Blainville, 1825
Echinus castaneus Parry, 1810
Echinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758
Echinus mammillatus Linnaeus, 1758
Heterocentrotus carinatus (Blainville, 1825)
Heterocentrotus postelsii Brandt, 1835

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The spines are used to write on slates.)

Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Coastal


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 29/03/1984)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Russell, FE and Nagabhushanam, R (1996) Minor phyla in the venomous and poisonous marine invertebrates of the Indian Ocean 1-271 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • National park service Available at - http://www.nps.gov/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-08-24

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