Mactra (Mactra) luzonica   Deshayes  (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Veneroida
Family:Mactridae

Description
Size: length 9.5-40.55 mm; width 6.85-39.15 mm; height 3.65-19.85 mm

Color: Shining pale brown with violet at umbonal region but internally deep violet.

Shell is triangulate, equilateral, almost equal on both the sides. Umbo is small and elevated. Anterior end is rounded and posterior is slightly pointed. It is sculptured with fine concentric striae grooved at the anterior end.


Synonym (s)
Mactra luzonica Deshayes, 1846
Mactra (Mactra) luzonica Ray, 1977
Mactra luzonica Deshayes, 1854

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary (Lat: 16.63) (Long: 82.3) INDIA
• Orissa, Puri beach (Lat: 19.8) (Long: 85.85) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sagar Island (Lat: 21.72) (Long: 88.1) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Goa INDIA (Record: 1991, 1992)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA (Record: 1991, 1992)
• Orissa INDIA (Record: 1991, 1992)
• West Bengal INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 1991, 1992)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1991, 1992)
• Orissa, Kaluparaghat INDIA (Record: 1955)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985, 1986, 1987)
• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 20/12/1965, 10/03/1966, 12/01/1983, 17/05/1983, 21/09/1983, 19/03/1985, 1991)
• West Bengal, Fraserganj INDIA (Record: 09/12/1968)
• West Bengal, Bakkhali INDIA (Record: 23/08/1978)
• West Bengal, Ganga Sagar INDIA (Record: 25/08/1978)
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA (Record: 1992)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA (Record: 1992)
• Maharashtra INDIA (Record: 1992)
• MYANMAR (Record: 1992)
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA (Record: 04/03/1939-07/03/1939)
• Orissa, Puri beach INDIA (Record: 08/06/1938)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 15/11/1962)
• Orissa, Chandrabhaga INDIA (Record: 11/02/1972)
• Orissa, Chhatrapur INDIA (Record: 24/11/1962)
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA (Record: 01/12/1984)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA (Record: 1991)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Ray, HC (1977) Contribution to the knowledge of the molluscan fauna of Maungmagan, Lower Burma (with descriptions of one new genus and species of the Family Turridae (Gastropoda) 8) Contribution to the knowledge of the molluscan fauna of Maungmagan, Lower Burma (with descriptions of one new genus and species of the Family Turridae (Gastropoda) 8) Indian Museum, Calcutta 1-150 Available at - Zoological Records (Burma marine)
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Manna, RN (1995) Mollusca Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 391-468 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dey, M and Mitra, A (2005) Molluscan community around Digha coast, West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 2(1&2) 43-47 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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