Striarca lactea   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Arcoida
Family:Noetiidae

Image copyrights: National Museums of Northern Ireland

Description
Size: Length 10.55-16.80 mm; width 12.87-8.38 mm; height 5.90-9.95 mm

Shell squarely oval, sides angulated at the dorsal region. Anterior obtusely rounded, posterior angularly rounded. It is sculptured with radiate and finely crenulated striae.


Synonym (s)
Arca lactea Linnaeus, 1758
(Senior synonym)
Arca modiolus Poli, 1795
Arca (Fossularca) lactea Preston, 1915
Arca lactea Linnaeus, 1858
Arca (Fossularca) lactea Preston, 1916
Arca (Fossularca) lactea Annandale and Kemp, 1916

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic,Demersal,Rocky
Predator:  Dentex angolensis

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Barhampur INDIA (Record: 1913)
• West Bengal, Saznekhali INDIA (Record: 19/09/1984)
• West Bengal, Jharkhali INDIA (Record: 29/09/1984)
• West Bengal, Bakkhali INDIA (Record: 03/04/1987)
• West Bengal, North 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Orissa, False Point INDIA
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ennore Backwaters INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal, Nikarikhal INDIA (Record: 24/08/1987)
• West Bengal, Pirkhali INDIA (Record: 29/05/1985)

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Manna, RN (1995) Mollusca Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 391-468 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland Available at - http://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/index.html
  • Raut, D; Ganesh, T; Murty, NVSS and Raman, AV (2005) Macrobenthos of Kakinada Bay in the Godavari delta, East coast of India: comparing decadal changes Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 62(4) 609-620 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2004.09.029
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-06-10

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