Polydactylus heptadactylus [Status Unaccepted]   (Cuvier,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Government of India

Color: Body golden with a distinct shoulder spot. Pectoral fins black, other fins yellowish and blackish distally.

Body oblong and somewhat compressed. Mouth large, with small teeth in jaws, vomer and palatines. Eyes large, about 3.5 times in head length. 2 widely separated dorsal fins, the first fin with 8 spines, and the second fin with 1 spine and 11 to 13 soft rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 11 or 12 soft rays. Pectoral fin in two parts, the upper with all rays simple (unbranched), lower part with 7 free filamentous rays of which 3rd to 5th are longest and extend usually to anal fin. Caudal fin forked, with equal lobes. Scales large, ctenoid; lateral line with 48 to 50 scales. Airbladder present.

Synonym (s)
Polynemus heptadactylus Cuvier, 1829

Common Name (s)
• Shendya Rawas (English)
• Seventhread Tasselfish (English)
• Seven Finger Threadfin (English)
• Maga (Telugu)
• Ma Kala (Tamil)
• Bameen (Malayalam)
• Shendya Rawas (Kannada)
• Shende (Marathi)
• Shiri (Gujarati)
• Kela
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Prey:  prawns and polychaetes, Copepods, crab megalopa, amphipods, Lucifer and Evadne


• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast (Lat: 18.94) (Long: 72.9) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Panchoo Bandar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Bassein INDIA
• Maharashtra, Uran Khadi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• Gujarat INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Prioritisation of the Indian fishes for conservation West Bengal Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan(BSAP), Oct 2002
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Venkataraman, G (1960) Studies on the food and feeding relationships of the inshore fishes off Calicut on the Malabar coast Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 7 (2) 275-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1898/1/Article_03.pdf
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6060/
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

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