Ocypode ceratophthalma   (Pallas,  1772) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Ocypodidae

Image copyrights: Jon Sevcik

Description
A stridulating ridge on inner surface of palm; eyestalks in adults prolonged beyond eyes to form a horn or style, eyestalks distally prolonged into a long slender style; stridulating ridge composed of fine tubercles gradually passing into striae.
Carapace square, its greatest breadth, which is about a tenth more than its greatest length, is at the acuminated antero-lateral angels, which coincide with the outer angels and are right angles or nearly so. The borders of the carapace, with the exception of the posterior border, are elegantly beaded or serrulate, and the lateral borders in their anterior third are straight and parallel, or nearly so. Chelipeds and legs scabrous the asperities having in many places a tendency to a rugiform or squamiform arrangement, and almost forming serrations on the borders of some of the joints, and becoming spines or teeth on the lower borders of the arms and hands both angles of the wrist. The palms and fingers of both hands but notably of the smaller hand are compressed, and fingers of both hands are pointed. In all the legs the dactylus is stout and fluted like a bayonet and has more or less of its anterior surface hairy. The propodites of the first two pairs of legs have conspicuous brushes of hairs along their anterior surface.


Synonym (s)
Ocypoda ceratophthalma Alcock, 1900
Cancer ceratophthalmus Pallas, 1772
Ocypoda ceratophthalma Chakraborty, et al., 1987
Ocypode ceratophthalma (Pallas, 1872)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Neill Island (Lat: 11.83) (Long: 93.05) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sagar Island (Lat: 21.72) (Long: 88.1) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock (Lat: 11.97) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 73.03) INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• West Bengal, Sagar Island INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1995,1998, 2008)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Island INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Point INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Goa, Candolim beach INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• East Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.46) (Long: 85.1) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.9) (Long: 85.58) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.41) (Long: 80.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.91) (Long: 80.31) INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.16) (Long: 85.83) INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 89.83) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • DEB, M (1995) Crustacea: Brachyura Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka Lake ZSI, Calcutta 345-366 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bairagi, N (1995) Ocypodidae: Decapoda: Crustacea Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 263-287 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Naturephoto-CZ.Eu: Wildlife and nature photo gallery Available at - http://www.naturephoto-cz.eu/
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Ingole, B., Sivadas, S., Goltekar, R., Clemente, S., Nanajkar, M., Sawant, R., D’Silva, C., Sarkar, A and Ansari, Z (2006) Ecotoxicological effect of grounded MV River Princess on the intertidal benthic organisms off Goa Environment International Elsevier 32 284 – 291 Available at - Goa, India
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Brachyuran biodiversity of some selected brackishwater lakes of India Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference 496-499 Available at - wldb.ilec.or.jp/data/ilec/wlc12/C-%20Biodiversity/C-20.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Checklist and distribution of Brachyuran crabs of West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 5(2) 191-214 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Sahu, MK; Murugan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2006) Crustacean resources of the coral reef environment of the little Andaman island, India Fishing Chimes 26(6) 56-59 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-13

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