Sagitta enflata   Grassi,  1881 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chaetognatha
Class: Sagittoidea
Order:Aphragmophora
Family:Sagittidae

Description
Size: Total length 3.5-11.5 mm.

Body flaccid, thin-walled and transparent giving the specimens an inflated appearance. Distinct neck without collarette separating broad and opaque head from trunk. Trunk widest in the middle and tail extremely narrow. Antero-lateral fins slightly shorter than or as long as postero-lateral fins starting far below ventral ganglion. Postero-lateral fins much broader and longer than antero-lateral ones, mainly lying on trunk. Seminal vesicle small and spherical almost touching caudal fins. Tail short, less than 20% of the total length. Prehensile hooks ranging between 7 and 11. Anterior teeth varying from 3 to 7 and posterior teeth from 8 to 13.


Synonym (s)
S. enflata f. gardineri Tokioka, 1959
Sagitta australis Johnston, 1909
Sagitta australis Johnston &Taylor, 1919
Sagitta gardineri Doncaster, 1903
Sagitta gardineri John, 1933
Sagitta gardineri Lele & Gae, 1936
Sagitta gazellae Burfield, 1930
Sagitta inflata Baldasseroni, 1915
Sagitta inflata Germain & Joubin, 1916
Sagitta inflata Ghirardelli, 1947
Sagitta inflata Ramault & Rose, 1945
Sagitta inflata Rose, 1953
Sagitta inflata Scaccini & Ghirardel, 1941
Sagitta inflata Silas and Srinivasan, 1968

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek INDIA
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek INDIA
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.32) INDIA (Record: 10/05/2006)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 09/1997-08/1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 09/1997-08/1998)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Off Vizhinjam INDIA (Record: 01/1990-12/1990)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Off Mumbai INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 23) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 16) (Long: 62) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Palk Bay INDIA (Record: 01/1955-12/1958)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 01/1955-12/1958)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Okha Port INDIA (Record: 11/1972-10/1974)

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) List of zooplankton found in coastal waters of West Bengal West Bengal Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan(BSAP), Oct 2002
  • Alfred, JRB; Das, AK and Sanyal, AK (Eds.) (1998) Faunal diversity in India ZSI, Calcutta 1-497 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rao, TSS Zoogeography of the Indian Ocean 254-292 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at - http://aucasmbenvis.org/files/04-Publications/lagoon%20status.pdf
  • Nair, VR Chaetognatha NIO, Goa Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/Chaetognaths/Chaetognaths.jsp
  • Troost, DG; Sutomo, AB and Wenno, LF (1976) Distribution and abundance of major zooplankton groups in Ambon Bay (Maluku, Indonesia) during a salp swarming, with notes on Chaetognatha and Pteropoda species Marine Research in Indonesia Lembaga Oseanologi Nasional (National Institute of Oceanology) Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia 16 31-44 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Michel, HB; Behbehani, M and Herring, D (1986) Zooplankton of the western Arabian Gulf south of Kuwait waters Kuwait Bulletin of Marine Science 8(1435) 13150 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Haldar, BP (1995) Chaetognatha Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 319-326 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Saravanakumar, A; Rajkumar, M; Serebiah, JS and Thivakaran, GA (2007) Abundance and seasonal variations of zooplankton in the arid zone mangroves of Gulf of Kachch-Gujarat, Westcoast of India Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10(20) 3525-3532 Available at - http://docsdrive.com/pdfs/ansinet/pjbs/2007/3525-3532.pdf
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Santhanam, P and Perumal, P (2003) Diversity of zooplankton in Parangipettai coastal waters, southeast coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 144-151 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarkar, SK and Bhattacharya, AK (2003) Conservation of biodiversity of the coastal resources of Sundarbans, Northeast India: an integrated approach through environmental education Marine Pollution Bulletin Elsevier 47(1-6) 260-264 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0025-326X(02)00475-7
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • George, RM; Thomas, PA; Jasmine, S; Nair, KR and Vasanthakumar, R (1998) Observations on the distribution and seasonal fluctuations of chaetognaths off Vizhinjam, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 40(1&2) 6-10 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Maruthanayagam, C and Subramanian, P (1999) Bio-chemical variation of zooplankton population Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 41(1&2) 111-115 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, VR; Gajbhiye, SN and Desai, BN (1991) Effect of pollution on the distribution of chaetognaths in the nearshore waters of Bombay. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20(1) 43-48 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, VR and Ramaiah, N (1998) Zooplankton characteristics of the coastal ecosystem off Bombay, India Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference In: Pelagic Biogeography ICoPB II 272-278 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Goswami, SC and Srivastava, Y (1996) Zooplankton standing stock, community structure and diversity in the northern Arabian Sea Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Scientific Results of FORV Sagar Sampada Department of Ocean Development, New Delhi, India 127-137p Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2147
  • Sudarsan, D (1961) Observations on the chaetognatha of the waters around Mandapam Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 8 (2) 364-382 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1973/1/Article_06.pdf
  • Observatoire océanologique de Villefranche sur mer Available at - http://www.obs-vlfr.fr/
  • Jitlang, I; Pattarajinda, S; Mishra, R and Wongrat, L (2007) Composition, Abundance and Distribution of Zooplankton in the Bay of Bengal The Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management in the Bay of Bengal 65-92 Available at - http://map.seafdec.org/downloads/BIMSTEC/010-Zooplankton-Issaporn.pdf
  • Patel, MI (1976) Seasonal variation in zooplankton from the coastal waters of Saurashtra Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 5(1) 140-144 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-18

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