Sthenelais boa   (Johnston,  1833) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Sigalionidae

Image copyrights: Hans Hillewaert

Description
Size: Length 100-200 mm

Color: Very variable, grey, yellow, brown, red.

Scales mostly reniform, crossing and overlapping over the back, with numerous minute papillae and a fringe on the outer border. Ventral ramus of the feet with 2-3 simple bipectinate setae. Compound setae with a short sickle-shaped appendix and a smooth shaft, others with a pluri articulate appendix and, on the anterior feet, a few compound setae with a spinulose shaft. 3 cup-shaped ctenidia above the dorsal division of the foot. Ventral division with stylodes and three bracts and a papillose ciliated frill. Ventral cirrus subulate. Rusty black elytra, convex dorsally, reniform with numerous minute papillae.


Synonym (s)
Sthenelais boa Fauvel, 1923
Sigalion boa Johnston, 1839
(Homotypic synonym)
Sigalion estellae Guerin, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sigalion idunae Rathke, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sthenelais audouini Quatrefages, 1866
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sthenelais ctenolepis Claparede, 1868
Sthenelais edwardsii Quatrefages, 1866
(Junior synonym)
Sthenelais fuliginosa Claparede, 1868
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sthenelais fuliginosa capensis Willey, 1904
(Heterotypic synonym)
Sthenelais boa (Johnston, 1839)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal
Predator:  Bony fish (Mullus barbatus barbatus)

Biogeography


• Kerala, Ashtamudi Lake INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1981)
• Kerala, Beypore Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Auranga Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Narmada Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.22) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1974-03/1976)
• SRI LANKA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.08) (Long: 73.05) INDIA
• Kerala, Kannur INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Calicut INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Port INDIA (Record: 11/1996-12/1996)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka, Kali Estuary INDIA
• West Coast, Mulki Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Korapuzha Estuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Sheeba, P Distribution of benthic infauna in the Cochin backwaters in relation to environmental parameters (Ph. D thesis-Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India) 241 pp Available at - Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jayaraj, KA; Sheeba, P; Jacob, J; Revichandran, C; Arun, PK; Praseeda, KS; Nisha, PA and Rasheed, KA (2007) Response of infaunal macrobenthos to the sediment granulometry in a tropical continental margin-southwest coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 77(4) 743-754 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.11.016
  • Pillai, NGK (2001) On some benthic polychaetes from Cochin Estuary Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 120-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Parulekar, AH (1971) Polychaetes from Maharashtra and Goa Journal of Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 68(3) 726-749 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Parulekar, AH (1981) Marine fauna of Malvan, central west coast of India Mahasagar - Bulletin of National Institute of Oceanography NIO 14(1) 33-44 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarala Devi, K., Jayalakshmi, KV and Venugopal, P. (1991) Communities and coexistance of benthose in northern limb of Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 249-254 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Devi, KS; Sheba, P; Balasubramanian, T; Venugopal, P and Sankaranarayanan, VN (1996) Benthic fauna of southwest and southeast coasts of India The Fourth Indian Fisheries Forum Proceedings, Kochi, Kerala Asian Fisheries Society, Indian Branch, Mangalore 9-12 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1839/2/Fourth_Indian_Fish_Forum_Proc_1999_9.pdf
  • Sukumaran, S and Devi, KS (2009) Polychaete diversity and its relevance in the rapid environmental assessment of Mumbai Port Current Science Current Science Association in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences 97(10) 1439-1444 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/3456/1/Curr_Sci_97_1439.pdf
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-04-12

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