Cirratulus cirratus   (O. F. Muller,  1776) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Terebellida
Family:Cirratulidae

Image copyrights: Kare Telnes

Description
Size: 30-120 mm. by 1.5-3 mm.

Color: Yellow-orange, red or brown.

Body cylindrical, Prostomium blunt-conical, on each side an oblique row of 4-8 large black eyes. Gills and tentacles on the first setigerous segment. The gills persist to the hind part of the body. 2-8 pairs of slightly stouter tentacles. Dorsal and ventral capillary setae on all the feet. Dorsal and ventral acicular setae, with the exception of a number of anterior segments.


Synonym (s)
Cirratulus cirratus Amoureux et al., 1978
Cirratulus cirratus Fauvel, 1918
Cirratulus cirratus Fauvel, 1953
Cirratulus cirratus Hartman, 1974
Cirratulus cirratus Petersen, 1999
Lumbricus cirratus Muller, 1776
Promenia fulgida Ehlers, 1897
(Subjective synonym)
Cirratulus cirratus Fauvel, 1927a

Common Name (s)
• Lugworm (English)
• Ragworm (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Arabian Sea
• Red Sea
• Gulf of Oman
• Arabian Gulf
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mahim Creek (Lat: 19.03) (Long: 72.82) INDIA (Record: 11/1979-12/1980)
• North West Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Ennore INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Pondicherry, Karaikal INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam INDIA (Depth: 5-15 mts)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Port INDIA (Record: 11/1996-12/1996)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Serebiah, JS; Stella, C and Kadhar, AA (2008) Assessment of benthos in the subtidal area of Thondi (Palk Bay), southeast Tamilnadu- GIS based explication Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 279-296 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jayaraj, KA; Sheeba, P; Jacob, J; Revichandran, C; Arun, PK; Praseeda, KS; Nisha, PA and Rasheed, KA (2007) Response of infaunal macrobenthos to the sediment granulometry in a tropical continental margin-southwest coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 77(4) 743-754 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.11.016
  • The marine fauna gallery of Norway Available at - http://www.seawater.no/fauna/index.htm
  • Varshney, PK and Govindan, K (1995) Macrobenthos off Mahim (Bombay), west coast of India in relation to coastal pollution and aquaculture Journal of Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 47-56 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/395
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jayaraj, KA; Josia, J and Kumar, PKD (2008) Infaunal Macrobenthic Community of Soft Bottom Sediment in a Tropical Shelf Journal of Coastal Research CERF 24(3) 708–718 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints08/J_Coast_Res_24_708.pdf
  • Devi, KS; Sheba, P; Balasubramanian, T; Venugopal, P and Sankaranarayanan, VN (1996) Benthic fauna of southwest and southeast coasts of India The Fourth Indian Fisheries Forum Proceedings, Kochi, Kerala Asian Fisheries Society, Indian Branch, Mangalore 9-12 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1839/2/Fourth_Indian_Fish_Forum_Proc_1999_9.pdf
  • Sukumaran, S and Devi, KS (2009) Polychaete diversity and its relevance in the rapid environmental assessment of Mumbai Port Current Science Current Science Association in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences 97(10) 1439-1444 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/3456/1/Curr_Sci_97_1439.pdf
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Musale, AS and Desai, DV (2011) Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the south Indian coast Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 178(1-4) 423-436 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1701-3

Page last updated on:2011-09-29

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