Lanice conchilega   Pallas,  1766 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Terebellida
Family:Terebellidae

Image copyrights: Sue Scott

Description
Size: Length 120 mm.

Color: The worm is yellowish, pink or brown coloured with blood-red gills and white tentacles.

A tube-living bristle worm with an elongated body, consisting of two parts: a swollen anterior end with a reduced head and specially formed segments and a narrowed posterior end. The swollen front region has hair-like as well as hooked chaetae; the long, slender tail region only hooked ones. The head bears a dense tuft of long, thin tentacles. The first segment projects forwards, forming two lobes at both sides of the head. The next three segments carry branched gills. Lanice conchilega builds a characteristic tube, consisting of cemented sand grains and shell fragments and with a typical fringe at the top end. Several tubes together can form so-called ‘sand reefs’.


Synonym (s)
Lanice conchilega Fishelson & Rullier, 1969
Lanice conchilega Hartman, 1974
Lanice conchilega Holthe, 1986
Lanice conchilega Kiseleva, 1971
Lanice conchilega Wesenberg-Lund, 1949
Nereis conchilega Pallas, 1766
Amphitrite flexuosa Delle Chiaje, 1828
(Subjective synonym)
Amphitrite tondi Delle Chiaje, 1828
(Subjective synonym)
Terebella artifex Sars, 1863
(Subjective synonym)
Terebella littoralis seu arenaria Dalyell, 1853
(Subjective synonym)
Terebella pectoralis Quatrefages, 1866
(Subjective synonym)
Terebella prudens Quatrefages, 1866
(Subjective synonym)
Wartelia gonotheca Giard, 1878
(Subjective synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 29/03/1984)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• MOZAMBIQUE
• Persian Gulf

Literature Source(s)
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Misra, A and Chakraborty, RK (1991) Annelida: Polychaeta State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 137-165 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • MarLIN: Marine life information network Biology and sensitivity key information sub-programme [on-line] Available at - http://www.marlin.ac.uk/

Page last updated on:2010-07-07

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