Pomadasys hasta   (Bloch,  1790) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Haemulidae

Image copyrights: Devarapalli, P.

Description
Size: 44-55 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens silvery, with a reddish-brown hue on the back and the sides. Scales of back and sides each with a brown spot, forming longitudinal rows. Sometimes the spots are indistinct and are replaced by transverse rows of larger spots, which may be confluent into cloudy transverse bands on the back and upper part of sides. Spinous dorsal generally with two ot three rows of large blackish spots and often with a narrow back outer margin. Soft dorsal with three rows of small spots, sometimes forming bands or indistinct. Other fins yellowish. Caudal with a dark hue towards the end.

Body oblong and compressed. Its depth is 1/3rd of standard length. Height 2.5-2.8, 3.1-3.5 in length with caudal. Head is blunt and its upper profile convex. Head 2.5-3, 3.3-3.4 in length with caudal. Eye 3.2-4.3, equal to snout in small specimens, 1.2-1.4 in snout in larger ones and somewhat more than slightly convex inter orbital space. Mouth slightly oblique, maxillary reaching to below front border of eye or not so far in large specimens. Narrow bands of small pointed teeth in the jaws, with an outer series of enlarged ones. Scales on head beginning before eye in a line connecting posterior nostrils, those on preoperculum of unequal size and in about 10 transverse rows. Hind border of preoperculum straight concave, more so in large specimens, rather coarsely denticulate. Dorsal spines rather strong, their membrane deeply incised. First spine half length of second, which is more or less than half length of third. Third and fourth spine longest, equal ti head without snout. Following spines decreasing in length to the eleventh, which is slightly shorter than second spine. Twelfth spine as long as or conspicuously longer than eleventh one. First soft dorsal ray as long as seventh spine, dorsal therefore notched. Soft dorsal slightly rounded. First anal spine about as long as pupil, second much stronger and longer than third, equal to head without snout. First soft anal ray longer than third spine. Soft anal truncate or somewhat rounded. Pectorals scarcely than head, ventrals with the first ray produced, somewhat more than head without snout. Caudal truncate.

Breeds in late summer season.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Lutjanus hasta Bloch, 1790
Lutjanus hasta Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Labrus commersoni Lacepede, 1802
Lutjanus hasta Lacepede, 1802
Coius gridgutia Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Pristipoma kakaan Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Pristipoma kakaan Ruppell, 1837
Pristipoma kaakan Bleeker, 1845
Pristipoma kakaan Richardson, 1846
Pristipoma hasta Bleeker, 1850
Pristipoma commersoni Cantor, 1850
Pristipoma hasta Gunther, 1859
Polotus nitidus Blyth, 1858
Pristipoma hasta Jouan, 1867
Pristipoma hasta Klunzinger, 1870
Pristipoma manadense Gunther, 1871
Pristipoma hasta Bleeker, 1873
Pristipoma hasta Day, 1888
Pomadasys hasta Bleeker, 1877
Pristipoma hasta Klunzinger, 1884
Pomadasis hasta Rutter, 1897
Pomadasys hasta Steindachner and Denkschr, 1902
Pomadasis hasta Jordan and Evermann, 1902
Pomadasys nageb Bean and Weed, 1912
Pristipoma hasta M. Weber, 1913
Pomadasys hasta Mc Culloch, 1919
Pomadasis hasta Fowler and Bean, 1922
Pomadasys hasta Barnard, 1927
Pristipoma hasta Vinciguerra, 1926
Pristipoma argenteus Fowler, 1931
Lutjanus hasta Bloch, 1790
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Lined Silver Grunter (English)
• Kokoraba
• Silverlined Grunt (English)
• Karkara (Gujarati)
• Karukaruppan (Malayalam)
• Karkara (Marathi)
• Ghorakan (Tamil)
• Kakan (Tamil)
• Karuppi (Telugu)
• Korkai
• Seraiah
• Grunt (English)
• Kokara
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries )

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine
Prey:  Polychaetes, copepods and Coscinodiscus

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.81) INDIA (Record: 12/2005-11/2006) (Depth: 12-30 mts)
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 10-75 mts)
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-01-17

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