Cliona vastifica   Hancock,  1849 (Sponge)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order:Hadromerida
Family:Clionaidae

Image copyrights: Klaus Jost

Description
Size (diameter): 0.5-1 mm

Color: Pale yellow

This is the commonest species of boring sponge in the coasts of India in shallow water, infesting shells and all calcareous objects alike. The openings found irregularly arranged on the surface of the shells. Chambers found inside the shell rounded, elliptical or irregular in shape, with diameter 0f 1-2 mm.

Skeleton consisting of three types of spicules Tylostyles, oxeas and spirasters. Tylostyles-straight. head spherical, pointed and sharp, length range 0.15-0.22 mm, width of the shaft range 0.003-0.004 mm and diameter of head range 0.004-0.006 mm. Oxeas-Amphioxea, smooth or microspined and sharply pointed at both ends, length range 0.09-0.15 mm, width range 0.003-0.006 mm. Spirasters with 2-6 angulations, spined or smooth, length range 0.005-0.020 mm, width range 0.001-0.004 mm.


Synonym (s)
Cliona vestifica Topsent 1900
Cliona vestifica Annandale 1915
Cliona vestifica Thomas 1972

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 18/08/1986)
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ennore Backwaters INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Pattanayak, JG (1995) Porifera Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 211-226 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Pattanayak, JG (2006) Marine sponges of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Records of the Zoological Survey of India- Occasional Paper No: 255 Zoological Survey of India 164
  • Thomas, PA (1989) Sponge fauna of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 150-161 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Klaus Jost - wildlife & nature & underwater Available at - http://www.jostimages.com/
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-21

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