Spilophorella paradoxa   (De Man,  1888) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Nematoda
Class: Adenophorea
Order:Chromadorida
Family:Chromadoridae

Description
Size: Length 5.0 – 6.0 mm long. Tail 6.5 anal diameters long.

Cuticular ornamentation typical of the genus with transverse striation and punctuation. Lateral and sublateral dots distinct. Head diameter 10 µm. Four cephalic setae 0.4 head diameter long. Buccal cavity deep and funnel-shaped. A solid dorsal tooth present. Few short cervical setae 3 µm long present. Nerve ring 48%. Oesophageal bulb double, the anterior chamber being smaller than the posterior one. Excretory pore situated about 50 µm behind anterior end. Tail conical and tapers posteriorly to a point. Spicule in male 1.8 anal diameters long. spicules measured as curve, arcuate. gubernaculum hooked distally. Single ventral precloacal seta.


Synonym (s)
Spilophora paradoxa de Man, 1888

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy

Biogeography


• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam (Lat: 17.7) (Long: 83.3) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 13/02/1983)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Aerial Bay INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DVS (2005) Comprehensive review of the records of the biota of the Indian Seas and the introduction of non-indigenous species Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. 15(2) 117-146 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/aqc.659
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, GC (1991) Meiofauna State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 41-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1989) On some free living marine nematodes of the Bay Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 5(1) 1-22 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Platt, HM and Warwick, RM (1988) Free living marine nematodes part II British chromadorids Linnean society of London and the estuarine and brackish-water sciences association 38 502 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-19

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