Porites nodifera   Klunzinger,  1879 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Poritidae

Image copyrights: Francis Abbott

Description
Basically a massive coral with vertical, thick spires projecting from the base. It is not one of the truly ramose corals and the spires do not generally fuse and do not generally divide further until the "basal" part has also grown upwards.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Hump Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Predator:  Butterflyfish (Chaetodon trifascialis)
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Pamban, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 3 490 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Graham, NAJ (2007) Ecological versatility and the decline of coral feeding fishes following climate driven coral mortality Marine Biology Springer Berlin / Heidelberg 153(2) 119-127 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/9603851204hwv725/fulltext.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Pillai, CSG (1969) Stony corals of the seas around India Proceedings of the Symposium on corals and coral reefs Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 191-216 Available at - NIO RC, Kochi
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/
  • Stoddart, DR and Pillai, CSG (1972) Raised reefs of Ramanathapuram, south India Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers Blackwell Publishing 56 111-125 Available at - http://www.jstor.org/stable/621544
  • Pillai, CSG (1971) Composition of the coral fauna of the southeastern coast of India and the Laccadives Symposium of the zoological society of London 28 301-327 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6215/1/601.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-08

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