Pseudosiderastrea tayamai   Yabe & Sugiyama,  1935 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Siderastreidae

Image copyrights: Steve Coles

Description
Colonies are encrusting to submassive, up to 15 cm diameter. Corallites are monocentric, cerioid, with circular or irregular outlines. Calice diameters are 3 to 4 mm, and they can be 2 or 3 mm deep or very shallow in some specimens from stressed habitats, in which case they have a glassy appearance. Columellae are less than 0.5 mm diameter and consist of 1 - 5 small pegs sets in pits below the general level of the septa. Septa are equal, and show slightly concave slopes downwards towards the centre of the calice. In many calices there may be some lateral fusion of septa, and their top surface is heavily ornamented with teeth

Budding is extratentacular (Source: WoRMS)


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• False Pillow Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)

Literature Source(s)
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at - http://www.reefindia.org/
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Coral reefs species in India Available at - http://envfor.nic.in/icrmn/species/species.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/

Page last updated on:2010-06-04

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