Acanthurus pyroferus   Kittlitz,  1834 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Max. size: 25.0 cm TL

Dorsalspines(total): 8; Dorsaloft rays (total): 27 - 30; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 24 – 28. Purplish black in color; an orange diffused patch at edge of gill opening, just above pectoral fin base; a broad black band from upper end of gill opening to margin of gill cover down to isthmus; caudal spine socket with a narrow black margin. Blackish lips; a trace of orange behind eye; a white line under chin extending slightly above rictus. Gill rakers on anterior row 23-26; on posterior row 25-27. Juveniles can exhibit 3 different color patterns mimicking Centropyge species. Caudal fin rounded in juveniles.

Dioecism, external fertilization, oviparous

Max. age: 28

Synonym (s)
Acanthurus armiger Valenciennes, 1834
(Junior Synonym)
Acanthurus celebicus Bleeker, 1852
(Junior Synonym)
Acanthurus fuscus Steindachner, 1861
(Junior Synonym)
Acanthurus leucosternon (non Bennett) 1832
(Misapplied Name)
Acanthurus tristis (non Randall) 1993
(Misapplied Name)
Hepatus celebicus (Bleeker, 1852)
(Junior Synonym)
Hepatus leucosternon (non Bennett, 1832)
(Misapplied Name)
Hepatus pyroferus (Kittlitz, 1834)
(Senior Synonym)
Rhombotides celebicus (Bleeker, 1852)
(Junior Synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)
Cultured:  Unknown

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic algae, weeds


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) A field guide to the fishes of Acanthuridae (surgeonfishes) and Siganidae (rabbitfishes) of Andaman and Nicobar Islands 42 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-03-29

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