Laonome indica   Southern,  1921 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Sabellida
Family:Sabellidae

Description
Length: 28 mm. by 2 mm.

Several long branchia arranged in two semi-circular lobes. Prostomial collor with two pointed lobes ventrally. Body divided into thorax of 5-9 segments and a long abdomen of many segments. Thoracic segments with dorsal capillaries and short spatulate setae. Specimens enclosed in thin tubes of mud.
Body slender. 6 thoracic segments with dorsal long, slender capillaries with narrow wing and long tapering tips and setae with spatulate tips terminating in a long fine point. Uncini with a stout rounded base and 4-5 rows of teeth above the main fang. In the abdomen, dorsal uncini, differing very slightly from those of the thorax, with rounded base more oblique, and ventral capillary setae with short gills and broad wings and a long and slender tip. The gills are unconnected by a membrane. There are two short palps and two ventral lobes projecting forwards and ending in a pointed tip. No eyes observed. Tube unknown.


Synonym (s)
Laonome indica Srikrishna Das, 1987

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Some invertebrate species recorded in Indian Sunderbans West Bengal Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan(BSAP), Oct 2002
  • Sunil Kumar, R A checklist of polychaete species some mangroves of Asia Zoos' Print Journal 18(2) 1017-1020
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Southern, R (1921) Fauna of the Chilka lake (Polychaeta of the Chilka lake and also of fresh and brackish waters in other parts of India) Memoirs of the Indian Museum Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, CAN (1995) Annelida: Polychaeta Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 319-336 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Serebiah, JS; Stella, C and Kadhar, AA (2008) Assessment of benthos in the subtidal area of Thondi (Palk Bay), southeast Tamilnadu- GIS based explication Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 279-296 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, RS (2001) Biodiversity and affinity of polychaetous annelids within the mangrove ecosystem of Indo-Pacific region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 206-213 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • Nagarjuna, A; Kumar,NVN; Kalarani, V and Reddy, DC (2010) Aquatic and avian biodiversity of Pulicat brackish water lake and ecological degradation World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (2) 118-123 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms2%282%2910/8.pdf
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-08

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