Lepidonotus tenuisetosus   (Gravier,  1902) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Polynoidae

Description
Size: Length 5-30 mm

Prostomium wider than long, without anterior cleft. Antennae attached distally on prostomium. Elytra 12 pairs, oval, slightly reniform, with well developed lateral fringes of papillae; covered with a few large and a number of smaller rounded papillae and also very small calicinate papillae on the outer edge. Dorsal setae slender, nearly capillary and spinulose. Ventral setae with a rather long smooth tip and a few fringes.

Similar species: Closely allied to Lepidonotus squamatus, differs only in having more slender dorsal setae, smaller tubercles on the elytra and more closely placed eyes.


Synonym (s)
Euphione tenuisetosa Fauvel, 1911
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus Amaral & Nonato, 1982
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus Ben-Eliahu, 1972
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus Fauvel, 1927
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus Hartman, 1974
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus Mohammad, 1971
Euphione tenuisetosa Gravier, 1901
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus Fauvel, 1953
Euphione tenuisetosa Gravier, 1902
(Objective synonym)
Lepidonotus natalensis Day, 1951
(Subjective synonym)
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus Fauvel, 1919
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus Day, 1962
Lepidonotus tenuisetosus (Gravier, 1901)
(Senior synonym)
Euphione tenuisetosus Gravier, 1901
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Lugworm (English)
• Ragworm (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Ashtamudi Lake INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA
• Kerala, Beypore Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Auranga Estuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Narmada Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sagar Island (Lat: 21.72) (Long: 88.1) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• Red Sea
• INDIA
• West Bengal, Kachuberia INDIA (Record: 05/07/1975)
• West Bengal, Bakkhali INDIA (Record: 10/04/1978)
• West Bengal, Sunderbans INDIA (Record: 04/11/1988)
• West Bengal, Port Canning INDIA
• Orissa, Off Puri INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• Persian Gulf
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1974-03/1976)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mayabunder INDIA
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Long Island INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Port INDIA (Record: 11/1996-12/1996)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Karnataka, Kali Estuary INDIA
• West Coast, Mulki Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Korapuzha Estuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Some invertebrate species recorded in Indian Sunderbans West Bengal Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan(BSAP), Oct 2002
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Khan, AS and Murugesan, P (2005) Polychaete diversity in Indian estuaries Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India, in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, INDIA 34(1) 114-119 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/handle/123456789/1548
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Anzari, ZA; Ingole, BS; Banerjee, G and Parulekar, AH (1986) Spatial and temporal changes in benthic macrofauna from Mandovi and Zuari estuaries of Goa, west coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 15 223-229 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Misra, A (1995) Polychaetes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 93-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, NGK (2001) On some benthic polychaetes from Cochin Estuary Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 120-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, RS (2001) Biodiversity and affinity of polychaetous annelids within the mangrove ecosystem of Indo-Pacific region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 206-213 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Parulekar, AH (1971) Polychaetes from Maharashtra and Goa Journal of Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 68(3) 726-749 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Santhakumari, V (1973) A brief account of the commensals, associates and predators of the marine wood boring animals Mahasagar NIO, Goa 6(3&4) 178-181 Available at - http://ijs.nio.org/index.php/msagar/article/view/1293
  • Tampi, PRS and Rangarajan, K (1964) Some polychaetous Annelids from the Andaman waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 6(1) 98-123 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1007/1/Article_10.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Sukumaran, S and Devi, KS (2009) Polychaete diversity and its relevance in the rapid environmental assessment of Mumbai Port Current Science Current Science Association in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences 97(10) 1439-1444 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/3456/1/Curr_Sci_97_1439.pdf
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mitra, S; Misra, A (2010) Polychaetes of the Wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 141-146 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-21

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