Synaptura commersoniana   (Lacepede,  1802) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 31 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens reddish brown, lighter below. Vertical fins with a subterminal dark and a terminal light longitudinal band. Right pectoral blackish.

Elongate, height 3.4, 3.7 in length with caudal. Head 5.6, 6.2 in length with caudal. Eye 7.5, the upper one almost totally before the lower one, interorbital space scaly, less than one eye diameter, both nostrils on right side have swollen tubes, close to each other in front of lower eye. On the blind side the nostrils are concealed by a flap of the skin. Mouth curved, reaching somewhat behind middle of lower eye. Snout hooked. Lower lip on right side with a row of fleshy tentacles. Origin of dorsal in front of upper eye from which it is separated by 1.5-2 eye diameters. Rays of vertical fins divided at their tip, the membrane of the fins is rather thick and scaly in its proximal part. Right pectoral equal to snout, left pectoral to snout and eye, the right one scaly, both short based. Sometimes the left pectoral is shorter than the right one. Ventrals equal to snout, united with each other and with anal. Anus on left side. Scales of head and neck larger than the others, ctenoid on right side, cycloid on blind side, but provided with more or less developed soft filaments on head. Opercular border with similar filaments. Dorsal and anal fins confluent with caudal fin. Body without spots. No tentacle between the nostrils.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Synaptura commersoniana Day, 1877
Synaptura commersoniana Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Pleuronectes commersonianus Lacepede, 1802
Brachirus commersonii Swainson, 1839
Synaptura commersoniana Cantor, 1850
Solea Russelli Bleeker, 1852
Synaptura commersoniana Gunther, 1862
Synaptura commersoniana Bleeker, 1872

Common Name (s)
• Commersons Sole (English)
• Jerree Potoo (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Alibag INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A (1996) Nematode parasites associated with the flatfishes (order: pleuronectiformes) of the Kerala coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 38(1&2) 34-39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, VR; Govindan, K; Ramaiah, N and Gajbhiye, SN (1993) Fishery potential of the Gulf of Kachchh Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 23 91-103 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-10

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