Modiolus striatulus   (Henley)  (Mussel)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Mytiloida
Family:Mytilidae

Image copyrights: Government of India

Description
Size: length 7.5-24.80 mm; width 3.35-10.35 mm; height 2.40-8.35 mm

Shell elongately trapezoid and gibbous in the middle, sculptured with radiating ridges which are wider and rather more distinct on the anterior margin. Shell opaque, upper margin elevated and evenly arched, height of shell low, ventral margin concave or emarginate and in some it is almost straight, posterior margin rounded, radial ridges usually well developed. Colouration very variable. The colours are diffuse and dull, zigzag transverse purple lines and longitudinal striae may be detectable but the purple is not bright red and the ground colour is blue green. Fully developed shells are almost uniformly dull brown in colour.


Synonym (s)
Modiolus striatula Hanley, 1844
Modiola jenkinsi Preston, 1910
Modiola annandalei Preston, 1911
Modiola celator Preston, 1911
Modiola emarginata Preston, 1914
Modiola taprobanensis Preston, 1915

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• West Bengal, Kolkata INDIA
• West Bengal, Haora INDIA
• West Bengal, North 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• MYANMAR
• West Bengal, Subarnarekha Mouth INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2001)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 1981)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Harbour INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Pudumadam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Edaiyur Backwaters (Lat: 12.56) (Long: 80.18) INDIA (Record: 04/1988-03/1989)

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at - http://www.mangroveindia.org
  • Nandi, NC; Das, SR; Bhuinya, S and Dasgupta, JM (1993) Wetland faunal resources of West Bengal, I., north and south 24-Parganas districts Occasional paper no 150 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 18264
  • (1998) Mangrove invertebrates view Zoos' Print Journal Zoo Outreach Organisation, Coimbatore 14(2) 27-29 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dey, AR and Mitra, SC (2004) Records of the Zoological Survey of India Zoological Survey of India ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 228 35431 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Das, B; Khan, YSA; Das, P; Likhon, SH (2002) Hydrocarbon distribution in flat fish Psettodes erumei (Pleuronectiformes) and mussel Modiolus striatulus (Heterodonta) from the southeast coastal region of Bangladesh Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 31(3) 225-230 Available at - Zoological Records (Bangladesh)
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Khalua, RK; Chakravarty, G and Chakraborty, SK (2003) Annotated list of molluscs from the coastal tract of Midnapore District, West Bengal, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 245-249 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarala Devi, K., Jayalakshmi, KV and Venugopal, P. (1991) Communities and coexistance of benthose in northern limb of Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 20 249-254 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, KS (1974) Other commercial molluscs The commercial molluscs of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 25 141-151 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/654/1/ksrao2.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Rajagopal, S; Azariah, J and Nair, KVK (1990) Ecology of fouling organisms in Edaiyur backwaters, Kalpakkam Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 23 (1) 29-41 Available at - ijs.nio.org/index.php/msagar/article/download/2417/2392
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-06

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