Martesia striata   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Piddock)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Bivalvia

Image copyrights: IFRO

Size: Maximum shell length 5 cm, commonly to 3.5 cm.

Alternating hermaphrodite changing sex with temperature, most individuals becoming female in summer and male in winter. Fertilization external.

Free-swimming larval stage of about a month. Boring process occurs only during juvenile stages, the shell resembling that of a Teredinidae, widely gaping anteriorly and lacking a callum. Foot atrophying and callus develops at maturity.

Synonym (s)
Hiata infelix Zetek and McLean, 1936
Martesia americana Bartsch and Rehder, 1945
Martesia hawaiensis Dall, Bartsch, and Rehder, 1938
Martesia pulchella Yokoyama, 1932
Martesia tokyoensis Yokoyama, 1927
Mesopholas intusgranosa Taki and Habe, 1945
Mesopholas nucicola Taki and Habe, 1945
Penitella incisa Lamy, 1921
Penitella larvata Lamy, 1921
Penitella lignivora Lamy, 1921
Penitella phaseolina Lamy, 1921
Penitella pisum Lamy, 1921
Penitella silicula Lamy, 1921
Penitella stillata Lamy, 1921
Penitella xilophaga Valenciennes in Dupetit-Thouars, 1846
Pholas atomus Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827
Pholas beauiana Recluz, 1853
Pholas clavata Lamarck, 1818
Pholas conoides Parsons, 1765
Pholas corticaria Gray G.B. Sowerby II, 1849
Pholas cupula Yokoyama, 1924
Pholas decussata Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827
Pholas falcata Wood, 1815
Pholas hornbeckii d'Orbigny in Sagra, 1853
Pholas lignorum Spengler, 1779
Pholas nanus Pulteney, 1799
Pholas pusillus Linnaeus, 1758
Pholas rosea C. B. Adams, 1850
Pholas striata Linnaeus, 1758
Pholas tenuistriata Blainville, 1826
Pholas teredinaeformis G.B. Sowerby II, 1849

Common Name (s)
• Striate Martens
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Prey:  Plankton


• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary (Lat: 16.63) (Long: 82.3) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Krishna Estuary (Lat: 15.75) (Long: 81) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Harbour INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi, Willingdon Island INDIA
• Kerala, Kallayi Estuary INDIA (Record: 02/1988-05/1988)
• Kerala, Beypore Estuary INDIA (Record: 02/1988-05/1988)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, kapula uppada INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at -
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Nair, NB and Salim, M (1994) Marine timber destroying organisms of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep Archipelago Occasional paper no 159 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 87 pp
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Santhakumari, V and Nair, NB (1973) Ciliates from marine wood-boring molluscs Treubia 28(2) 41-58 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Santhakumaran, LN (1983) Wood-boring molluscs of the family Pholadidae of the Panaji coast Materials and Organisms 18(2) 119-126
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, R (1955) A systematic account of the molluscan wood borers of Vishkhapatnam harbour Records of the Indian Museum ZSI 53(1-2) 1 Available at - Pune University, Pune
  • (1998) Mangrove invertebrates view Zoos' Print Journal Zoo Outreach Organisation, Coimbatore 14(2) 27-29 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Poutiers, JM (1998) Bivalves FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods FAO, Rome 1 686 pp Available at -
  • Balaji, M; Rao, MV and Rao, KS (1999) Natural resistance of ten species of catamaran grade timber to marine wood borer attack at Visakhapatnam and Kochi harbours Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 41(1&2) 96-102 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, NB (1996) Destruction of timber structures in the estuarine systems of the south west coast of India, the Kallayi and Beypore backwaters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 38(1&2) 25-33 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, NB and Dharmaraj, K (1980) Wood boring molluscs of the Palk bay and the Gulf of Mannar Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 13(3) 249-260 Available at -
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at -
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, MV; Balaji, M; Pachu, AV (2008) Marine wood borers of Bhimunipatnam - Visakhapatnam coast, Bay of Bengal, India. Journal of the Timber Development Association of India Timber Development Association of India 54(1-4) 59-77 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD (2006) Marine wood-borers of Andaman and Nicobar islands with key to species Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 3(2) 131-142 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, MV; Pati, SK; D. Swain; and Sharma, RM Marine wood-borers Zoological Survey of India 1-5 Available at -
  • Tike, MJ; Samant, JS; Mohite, SA (2009) Diversity status of minor fish and shellfish along Malvan coast, Maharshtra Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology, India 24(2) 441-448 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-03

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