Lyrodus pedicellatus   (Quatrefages,  1849) (Shipworm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Bivalvia

Image copyrights: Microbial Ecology and Environmental Microbiology (MEEM)

Size: Maximum shell length 1 cm, total length of the whole animal 30 cm.

Pallets consist of a calcareous base with large periostracal cap.

Boring into submerged or floating wood. Brooding species.

Synonym (s)
Lyrodus siamensis (Bartsch, 1928)
Lyrodus chloroticus (Gould, 1870)
Lyrodus taiwanensis (Taki and Habe, 1945)
Lyrodus yatsui (Moll, 1929)
Teredops diegensis (Bartsch, 1916)
Teredo milleri Dall, Bartsch and Rehder, 1938
Teredo siamensis Bartsch, 1928
Teredo dagmarae Roch, 1931
Teredo arabica Roch, 1935
Teredo calmani Roch, 1931
Teredo chlorotica Gould, 1870
Teredo diegensis Bartsch, 1916
Teredo floridana Bartsch, 1922
Teredo franziusi Roch, 1929
Teredo hawaiensis Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938
Teredo helleniusi Moll, 1936
Teredo hibicola Kuronuma, 1931
Teredo honoluluensis Edmondson, 1942
Teredo indica Nair, 1958
Teredo kauiensis Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938
Teredo lamyi Roch, 1929
Teredo linaoana Bartsch, 1927
Teredo lomensis Bartsch, 1927
Teredo madrasensis Nair, 1956
Teredo malaccana Roch, 1935
Teredo midwayensis Edmondson, 1946
Teredo nodosa Roch, 1929
Teredo pedicellata Quatrefages, 1849
Teredo pedicellata var. truncata Jeffreys, 1865
Teredo pertingens Iredale, 1932
Teredo pochhammeri Moll, 1931
Teredo robsoni Roch, 1931
Teredo samoaensis Miller, 1924
Teredo siamensis Bartsch, 1927
Teredo taiwanensis Taki & Habe, 1945
Teredo tateyamensis Kuronuma, 1931
Teredo togoensis Roch, 1929
Teredo townsendi Bartsch, 1922
Teredo tristis Iredale, 1936
Teredo yatsui Moll, 1929

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Collected for food)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal


• Goa, Cortalim INDIA
• Goa, Vasco INDIA
• Goa, Dona Paula INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.67) (Long: 80.17) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Harbour INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi, Willingdon Island INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam INDIA
• Kerala, Kayankulam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Kerala, Kallayi Estuary INDIA (Record: 02/1988-05/1988)
• Kerala, Beypore Estuary INDIA (Record: 02/1988-05/1988)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam, Sagar Nagar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Rishikonda INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, kapula uppada (Lat: 17.88) (Long: 83.46) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Bhimunipatnam INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Cheriyam INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at -
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Nair, NB and Salim, M (1994) Marine timber destroying organisms of the Andaman-Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep Archipelago Occasional paper no 159 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 87 pp
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1998) Mangrove invertebrates view Zoos' Print Journal Zoo Outreach Organisation, Coimbatore 14(2) 27-29 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Vishwakiran, Y; Thakur, NL; Raghukumar, S; Yennawar, PL and Anil, AC (2001) Spatial and temporal distribution of fungi and wood borers in the coastal tropical waters of Goa, India Botanica Marina Walter de Gruyter Berlin 44(1) 47–56 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Poutiers, JM (1998) Bivalves FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods FAO, Rome 1 686 pp Available at -
  • Distel, D Microbial ecology and environmental microbiology Available at -
  • Balaji, M; Rao, MV and Rao, KS (1999) Natural resistance of ten species of catamaran grade timber to marine wood borer attack at Visakhapatnam and Kochi harbours Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 41(1&2) 96-102 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, NB (1996) Destruction of timber structures in the estuarine systems of the south west coast of India, the Kallayi and Beypore backwaters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 38(1&2) 25-33 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at -
  • Nair, NB and Dharmaraj, K (1980) Wood boring molluscs of the Palk bay and the Gulf of Mannar Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 13(3) 249-260 Available at -
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, MV; Balaji, M; Pachu, AV (2008) Marine wood borers of Bhimunipatnam - Visakhapatnam coast, Bay of Bengal, India. Journal of the Timber Development Association of India Timber Development Association of India 54(1-4) 59-77 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, N.B.; Dharmaraj, K (1983) Marine wood boring molluscs of the Lakshadweep archipelago. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 12(2) 96-99 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, MKD (2006) Marine wood-borers of Andaman and Nicobar islands with key to species Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 3(2) 131-142 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, MV; Pati, SK; D. Swain; and Sharma, RM Marine wood-borers Zoological Survey of India 1-5 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-20

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