Lithophaga nigra   (d'Orbigny,  1853) (Mussel)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Mytiloida
Family:Mytilidae

Description
Color: Chestnut brown

Shell large; anterior and posterior ends are equally narrow and rounded; dorsal margin slightly convex; umbonal ends of the valves are deep, while posteriorly they are relatively flattened.


Synonym (s)
Lithodomus niger d'Orbigny, 1853
(Basionym)
Lithophaga caribaea (Philippi, 1847)
Lithophaga crenulata Dunker, 1849
Modiola antillarum Philippi, 1847

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Mandapam INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kiltan INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.13) INDIA (Record: 04/1994-09/1994)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Frank, B (1998) www.jaxshells.org Available at - http://www.jaxshells.org/index.html
  • Appukuttan, KK and Joseph, S (2005) Conservation and Management of reef ecosystem associated molluscs for sustainable utilization Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 59-68 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Appukuttan, KK; Chellam, A; Ramadoss, K; Victor, ACC and Meiyappan, MM (1989) Molluscan resources Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 43 77-92 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2641/1/Article_12.pdf
  • Ramesh, DA; Jeyabaskaran, R and Pandian, ALP (1996) Gastropods and bivalves associated with reef building corals, Palk Bay, southeastern India Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication Phuket marine biology Center 16 257-260 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7666/1/669._Asi.pdf
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Satyamurti, ST (1956) The Mollusca of Krusadai island in the Gulf of Mannar II.- Scaphopoda, Pelecypoda and Cephalopoda Bulletin of the Madras Government 1(2) 202 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2013-01-07

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