Eleotris melanosoma   Bleeker  1852 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Shao, K.T.

Size: 13.5-26 cm.

Color: Body dark brown to black with longitudinal lines, fins spotted in young, black in large individuals. Dusky red to dusky green above, lighter below. Fin membranes dusky to violet, rays orange to dusky. Rays of dorsal fins, caudal and pectoral fin with dark spots. Dorsal and anal fins with dark longitudinal stripes. Base of pectoral fin above usually with dusky blotch.

Body elongate, anteriorly cylindrical, posteriorly compressed, height 4 1/2 - 5 1/2 in length, 5 1/2 -7 in total length. Head pointed, depressed, 2 3/4 - 3 1/2 in length, 3 2/3 - 4 1/2 in total length. Frontal profile straight to a little concave. eye 4 1/2 - 5 1/2 in head, interorbital 1-1 2/3 eye diameter. Snout pointed, as long as eye, tip before upper part of eye. Anterior nostril near margin of snout in a short tube. Lower jaw prominent. Maxillary extends to below middle of eye, or a little farther. Teeth in many rows, small. In upper jaw outer row a little enlarged, subequal, inner row a little enlarged. In lower jaw outer and inner row a little enlarged. Preopercular spine conical, curved. Mucous canals as in E. fusca. Supraopercular groove distinct. No pores on head. Scales on body ctenoid posteriorly, cycloid anteriorly. Snout naked, head scaled above between and behind eye, on cheek and opercle. Eleven to twelve scales in a transversal line in middle of caudal peduncle. Length of caudal peduncle less than 2 times its depth. First dorsal fin obtuse, about half of height of body, second, third and fourth rays are the longest. Second dorsal and anal fin higher than first dorsal fin, about as high as body. Pectoral fin obtuse, about as long as head. Ventral fin a little shorter. Caudal fin obtuse, a little shorter than head.

Fertilization external, oviparous

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Eleotris acanthopomus Bleeker 1853
Culius acanthopomus Bleeker 1856
Culius melanosoma Bleeker 1856
Eleotris macrocephalus Bleeker 1857
Eleotris melanosoma Gunther 1861
Culius melanosoma Bleeker 1877
Culius macrocephalus Bleeker
Eleotris fusca Seale 1901
Eleotris (Culius) macrocephalus M. Weber 1911
Eleotris (Culius) melanosoma M. Weber
Eleotris macrocephalus M. Weber 1913
Eleotris melanosoma M. Weber
Eleotris (Culius) melanosoma De Beaufort 1913
Eleotris isthmensis Meek and Hildebrand 1916
Eleotris melanosoma Herre 1927
Eleotris melanosoma Fowler 1928
Eleotris macrocephalus Fowler
Eleotris melanosoma Herre 1936
Eleotris pisonis oxycephala Tomiyama 1936
Culius melanosoma Aurich 1938
Eleotris isthmensis Koumans 1940
Eleotris melanosoma Koumans 1941

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine,Muddy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer


• INDIA (Record: 1953)

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-03-02

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