Modiolus tulipa [Status Unaccepted]   (Lamarck,  1836) (Mussel)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Mytiloida
Family:Mytilidae

Image copyrights: Government of India

Description
Size: length 26.45-45.15 mm; width 12.60-22.90 mm; height 10.00-18.40 mm

Color: Shell brown, inner side with distinct bluish-white outer part and purplish inner part.

Shell thick, glossy, moderately large, lower margin concave in the middle and upper margin convex. It is sculptured with fine concentric striae. A prominent oblique keel extends from the umbo along the middle, dorsal half above the keel with hairy surface. Shell moderately thick, outer surface traversed by concentric striae, there is a prominent oblique keel running from the umbo to the posterior side, the lower margin of the shell is slightly concave in the middle, the outer surface of the shell is glossy and yellowish brown in colour, the portion below the keel is usually marked off from therest of the surface as a broad conspicuous, radiately widening whitish band. On the inner surface of the shell the upper half is purplish and demarcated from the lower half which is bluish white by an oblique line passing from the umbo to the posterior lower comer of the shell.


Synonym (s)
Modiola tulipa Lamarck, 1836

Common Name (s)
• Tulip Mussel
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam Coast (Lat: 17.7) (Long: 83.3) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 17/05/1983, 27/03/1984)
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• MAURITIUS
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 07/2005-06/2006)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.94) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Karangadu Mangroves (Lat: 9.64) (Long: 78.96) INDIA (Record: 02/2010) (Depth: 1-2 mts)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sarma, ALN (1977) The phytal fauna of Sargassum off Visakhapatnam coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Ernakulam, Cochin-682 011, India 16(3) 741-755 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Saad, MAH (1984) Proceedings of the Symposium on Coral Reef environment of the Red Sea King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia 1-681 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Serebiah, JS; Stella, C and Kadhar, AA (2008) Assessment of benthos in the subtidal area of Thondi (Palk Bay), southeast Tamilnadu- GIS based explication Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 279-296 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Anbuchezhian, R; Ravichandran, S; Serebiah, JS and Nobi, EP (2010) Geographic information system based assessment of benthic macrofauna in Thondi coastal area, south east coast of India World Journal of Zoology International Digital Organization for Scientific Information 5 (3) 172-182 Available at - www.idosi.org/wjz/wjz5(3)10/6.pdf
  • Rao, KS (1974) Other commercial molluscs The commercial molluscs of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 25 141-151 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/654/1/ksrao2.pdf
  • Appukuttan, KK; Chellam, A; Ramadoss, K; Victor, ACC and Meiyappan, MM (1989) Molluscan resources Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 43 77-92 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2641/1/Article_12.pdf
  • Venkatesan, V; Kalidas, C; Zacharia, PU and Rajagopal, S (2010) Distribution of molluscan fauna in the Karangad estuarine mangroves, south east coast of India Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society Bioflux 2 (2) 113-119 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6960/1/083-AES_BIOGLUX_2010.pdf
  • Dey, M and Mitra, A (2005) Molluscan community around Digha coast, West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 2(1&2) 43-47 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-15

Back to Search