Osteogeneiosus militaris   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: NREB, Sarawak/ DANIDA

Size: 31-35 cm.

Color: Back bluish, light below. Distal part of dorsal and adipose fin dark blue.

Elongate, strongly depressed, its width equals to postorbital part, covered by smooth skin above. Broad median fontanel not reaching base of occipital process, which is more than twice as long as broad at its base. Eye more than 6, situated in the anterior half of the head, more than twice in the rather strongly convex interorbital space, and nearly twice in the rounded, prominent snout. Barbels extending on the base of the pectorals. Height of dorsal more than length of postorbital part of head, its frontedge granular, its posterior edge serrated. Base of adipose fin about equal to that of dorsal, more than thrice in its distance from dorsal, opposite to concave anal, the height of which is 2/3 of that of the dorsal. Pectoral spine more than twice in head, denticulated at both edges. Caudal forked. Villiform bands of teeth in the jaws, on the palate two longitudinal, semioval patches of obtusely conical teeth.

Synonym (s)
Osteogeneiosus macrocephalus Bleeker, 1846
Osteogeniosus militaris Day, 1877
Osteogeniosus sthenocephalus Day, 1877
Silurus militaris Linnaeus, 1758
Silurus militaris Linnaeus, 1758
Osteogeneiosus valenciennesi Bleeker, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Osteogeneiosus blochii Bleeker, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Osteogeneiosus cantoris Bleeker, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Osteogeneiosus gracilis Bleeker, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Osteogeneiosus ingluvies Bleeker, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Osteogeneiosus longiceps Bleeker, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Osteogeneiosus macrocephalus Bleeker, 1846
(Junior synonym)
Osteogeneiosus sthenocephalus Day, 1877
(Junior synonym)
Silurus militaris Linnaeus, 1758
(Senior synonym)
Arius militaris Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1840
Arius militaris Cantor, 1850
Osteogeneiosus militaris Bleeker, 1858
Osteogeneiosus militaris Gunther, 1864
Osteogeneiosus valenciennesii Gunther, 1864
Osteogeneiosus macrocephalus Gunther, 1864
Osteogeneiosus militaris Kner, 1867
Osteogeneiosus valenciennesi Vinciguerra, 1880
Osteogeneiosus miliataris (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Soldier Catfish (English)
• Apuia (Bengali)
• Sanget (Kannada)
• Ponkelithi (Malayalam)
• Vengdi Etta (Malayalam)
• Sunga (Oriya)
• Poe Keliti (Tamil)
• Pirathi Jella (Telugu)
• Bengodishede (Kannada)
• Shingala (Marathi)
• Manavakeliru (Tamil)
• Pone-keliti (Tamil Nadu )
• Manavakeluthi (Tamil)
• Pillarijella (Telugu)
• Sangat
• Catfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, also dried and salted.
Traumatogenic )

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Invertebrates and small fishes, polychaetes of the genera Sternaspis and Lumbriconereis.


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval Coast INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
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  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
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  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Venkataraman, G (1960) Studies on the food and feeding relationships of the inshore fishes off Calicut on the Malabar coast Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 7 (2) 275-306 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1898/1/Article_03.pdf
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6060/
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Mishra, SS; Chakrabarty, M; Kar, S and Gopi, KC (2010) Catfish diversity of west Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 189-194 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Tike, MJ; Samant, JS; Mohite, SA (2009) Diversity status of minor fish and shellfish along Malvan coast, Maharshtra Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology, India 24(2) 441-448 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints11/Indian_J_Appl_Pure_Biol_24_441.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-02-01

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