Conus tulipa   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Size: 50-95 mm

Color: Ground colour bluish grey, suffused with blue or pink. Last whorl with confluent reddish brown flames and blotches often fusing into an interrupted spiral band on each side of centre. Spiral rows of alternating brown and white dots and dashes from base to shoulder. Larval whorls red, with a brown sutural line. Early postnuclear sutural ramps pink to violet, with regularly spaced brown dots at outer margins, sometimes also at inner margins; usually only first ramp dotted at both margins. Late sutural ramps sparsely maculated with dark reddish brown flecks and radial blotches. Aperture bluish white, translucent toward outer lip.

Moderately large to large, moderately solid. Last whorl ovate to cylindrical, outline convex or almost straight and parallel-sided centrally, left side straight to distinctly concave at basal third. Aperture wider at base than near shoulder. Shoulder subangulate. Spire low, outline slightly concave or straight. Larval shell of about 4 whorls, maximum diameter 0.8-0.9 mm. First 4-7 postnuclear whorls tuberculate. Teleoconch sutural ramps usually somewhat concave, with 1 increasing to 4-9 spiral grooves, latest whorls usually with additional spiral striae, first 3 whorls with a prominent subsutural ridge. Last whorl with a few weak, variably spaced spiral ribsat base.

Synonym (s)
Conus borbonicus H. Adams, 1868
Coronaxis nebulosa Swainson, 1840
Cucullus purpureus Roding, 1798
Gastridium tulipa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Tulip Cone
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated,Rocky,Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes and molluscs


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at -
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Kohn, AJ The Conus Biodiversity website Available at -
  • Phillip colla photography Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-10-10

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