Mitra litterata   Lamarck,  1811 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Size: 31 mm.

Color: White or cream in color, ornamented with irregular, wavy, brown or dark olive-green axial streaks and blotches, some specimens are brown and spotted and streaked with white, cream or light yellow, aperture and columella white or light violet, parietal wall brown, parietal callus off-white. Periostracum thin, brown or yellowish brown and moderately translucent.

Shell about 1 1/4 inches in length, elongate-ovate to ovate, heavy and solid, body whorl very long, spire short, sutures distinct and narrowly incised. Whorls 5-7, apart from the protoconch which is always eroded in mature specimens, spire whorls short and convex, sculptured with spiral rows of small and shallow punctures which number from 4-13 on the penultimate and from 17-30 on the body whorl; towards the base the spiral pittings become prominent, oblique cords. Aperture longer than the spire, narrow and smooth within, outer lip prominently thickened and smooth, interior callus small or large and sometimes bluntly tringular, columella calloused anteriorly and with 4-5 oblique folds, parietal wall only glazed and frequently with a callosity near the juncture of the outer lip. Siphonal canal short and straight, siphonal notch distinct.

Synonym (s)
Colombella bizonalis Lamarck, 1822
Colombella hebraea Lamarck, 1822
Mitra leopardina Kuster, 1839
Mitra literata Lamarck, 1844
Mitra maculosa Reeve, 1844
Strigatella litterata Lamarck, 1880
Strigatella maculosa Reeve, 1880
Strigatella literata Lamarck, 1880
Mitra (Strigatella) litterata Lamarck, 1882
Mitra (Strigatella) litterata var. minor Dautzenberg and Bouge, 1923
Mitra (Strigatella) litterata var. major Dautzenberg and Bouge, 1923
Mitra (Strigatella) litterata var. inversicolor Dautzenberg and Bouge, 1923
Mitra (Strigatella) litterata var. maculosa Reeve, 1923

Common Name (s)
• Litterate Miter
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Cernohorsky, WO (1973) The Mitridae of the World Indo-Pacific Mollusca Delaware Museum of Natural History Grenville, Delaware, U.S.A 3(17) 273-528 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mayhew, R Schooner specimen shells Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-09-05

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