Turbinella pyrum   (Linnaeus,  1767) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Bret K Raines

Size: 100 mm.

Shell is strong and spindle shaped; its external surface is covered with a velvety brown periostracum; aperture is wide with a long and deep anterior canal; three to four strong columellar ridges, which give support to the columellar muscles; operculum is horny and elongated.

Synonym (s)
Voluta pyrum Linnaeus, 1758
Buccinella caerulea Perry, 1811

Common Name (s)
• Sacred Chank (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Benthic, Coastal


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Off Kayalpattinam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Alfred, JRB; Das, AK and Sanyal, AK (Eds.) (1998) Faunal diversity in India ZSI, Calcutta 1-497 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sreenivasn, A and Venkataraman, R (1956) Marine denitrifying bacteria from south India Journal of General Microbiology Society for General Microbiology 15 241-247 Available at - mic.sgmjournals.org/cgi/reprint/15/2/241.pdf
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Jagadis, I; Rao, GS; Joshi, KK and Kandan, P (2010) Fishery and population dynamics of the sacred chank Turbinella pyrum (=Xancus pyrum Linnaeus, 1758) off Kayalpattinam in the Gulf of Mannar Indian Journal of Fisheries The Director, Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute, Cochin, India 57(3) 1-5 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5894/1/1.Jag.pdf
  • Frank, B (1998) www.jaxshells.org Available at - http://www.jaxshells.org/index.html
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/

Page last updated on:2011-01-25

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