Chicoreus ramosus   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Constancio M. Napiere

Size: Length 45.20-254 mm; diameter 29.80-245 mm; length of aperture 16.59-105 mm; length of spire 13.61-82.80 mm; length of the canal 18.22-94.40 mm.

Color: Cream, brown, exterior white, sometimes stained rusty pink, columella and outer lip pink or orange-red.

Protoconch consists of 2½ whorls, rounded, smooth, sculpture stars last whorl, spire low, consisting of 6 rounded whorls, suture impressed, body whorl large, globose. Gigantic shell, moderately siphonal canal and thick, pink aperture, short spines, fold on outer lip and columella. Spire moderately high, body whorl tumid, siphonal canal moderately long and recurved, varixes low, bearing short, upturned, open fronds, intervarical areas with 1-2 prominent, axially-elongate nodules and fine spiral cords, aperture round, with a broad anal sulcus bordered by a strong spiral parietal ridge, outer lip erect, dentate, with a large labial tooth anteriorly, columellar lip adherent posteriorly, weakly erect anteriorly, smooth.

Synonym (s)
Murex (Chicoreus) ramosus Smith, 1906
Murex incarnatus Gravely, 1942
Murex ramosus Linnaeus, 1758
Purpura incarnata Roeding, 1798
Chicoreus ramosus Cernohorsky, 1967
Chicoreus ramosus Radwin and D'Attilio, 1976
Murex ramosus Linnaeus, 1758
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Ramose Murex (English)
• Branched Murex (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(For decoration, Edible)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Carnivores


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Gujarat, Sikka Port INDIA
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 07/2005-06/2006)

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Stella, C and Ayyakkannu, K (1992) Morphology of soft body of Chicoreus ramosus Proceedings of the second workshop of the tropical marine programme at Annamalai University 10 132-134 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records 3)
  • Stella, C and Ayyakkannu, K (1992) Taxonomic status of Chicoreus ramosus from the southeast coast of India Proceedings of the second workshop of the tropical marine mollusc programme (TMMP) at Annamalai University, India -10 95-99 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records)
  • Subba Rao, NV and Surya Rao, KV (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs: Pt. 3. Family: Muricidae Occasional paper no 153 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajagopal, S; Khan, SA; Srinivasan, M and Shanmugam, A (1998) Gastropods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University 38 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Spanier, E (1987) A fossil record of shell boring: possible evidence for sea level changes in the Red Sea Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 24(6) 873-879 Available at - ZOOR12400013934
  • Wall, F (1910) A popular treatise on the common Indian snakes Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society BNHS Part XIII with 65-79
  • Hosseinzadeh, H; Daghoghi, B and Rameshi, H (2001) Atlas of the Persian Gulf molluscs Oman sea fisheries research center, Oman 208 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1994) Australian marine shells 2 1-370 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at -
  • Rajagopal, S; Khan, SA; Srinivasan, M and Shanmugam, A (1998) Gastropods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University 38 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Serebiah, JS; Stella, C and Kadhar, AA (2008) Assessment of benthos in the subtidal area of Thondi (Palk Bay), southeast Tamilnadu- GIS based explication Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 279-296 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at -
  • Anbuchezhian, R; Ravichandran, S; Serebiah, JS and Nobi, EP (2010) Geographic information system based assessment of benthic macrofauna in Thondi coastal area, south east coast of India World Journal of Zoology International Digital Organization for Scientific Information 5 (3) 172-182 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-03-04

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