Bursa granularis   (Roding,  1798) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Size: 85 mm to 6 cm in length, typically 40-50 mm.

Color: Orange-brown or red-brown, with darker spiral lines and often a central cream band; interior, outer lip and columella white.

Slightly compressed dorso-ventrally, spire tall with convex, shouldered whorls, varixes strong, spaced every half whorl, rounded though channelled and buttressed by the spiral cords behind, sculptured with more or less equal spiral cords bearing small nodules, five cords on the penultimate whorl, nine on the body whorl plus several on the stout fasciole, outer lip with about 14 small denticles on its inner margin, Anterior canal short, the posterior two larger, parietal ridge narrow and deep, columella plicate throughout. Operculum oval, corneous.

Synonym (s)
Biplex rubicola Perry, 1798
Bursa cumingiana Dunker, 1862
Bursa granularis Roding, 1798
Ranella affinis Broderip, 1833
Ranella cubaniana D'Orbingy, 1842
Ranella granifera Lamarck, 1816
Ranella livida Reeve, 1844
Tritonium granulare Roding, 1798
Tritonium jabick Roding, 1798
Bursa granularis Cernohorsky, 1967
Biplex rubicola Perry, 1811
Bursa alfredensis Turton, 1932
Bursa corrugata lineata Nowell-Usticke, 1959
Bursa kowiensis Turton, 1932
Tritonium granularis Roding, 1798
Bursa cubaniana (d’Orbigny, 1841)
Bursa cubaniana intermedia Nowell-Usticke, 1959
Bursa granifera (Lamarck, 1816)
Bursa livida Reeve, 1844

Common Name (s)
• granular frog shell (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Sandy, Coastal


• Gujarat, Jalleshwar shore (Lat: 20.9) (Long: 70.37) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Nariman Point INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Orissa, Ganjam Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Point INDIA
• Goa, Miramar INDIA (Record: 10/2000)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.9) (Long: 72.78) INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 19.15) (Long: 72.93) INDIA (Record: 12/2006-11/2007)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi Reef INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Gulbin, VV and Evseev, GA (1997) Intertidal Prosobranch Gastropods of Vietnam Galaxea Ryukyus University, Japan 13(2) 157-166 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Ahmadi, RM (1985) Effect of oil spilled in Nowruz platform in the Persian Gulf on the endangered benthic organisms Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 383-388 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1993) Australian marine shells 1 1-408 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Datta, SN; Chakraborty, SK; Jaiswar, AK and Venkateshvaran, K (2008) Temporal and spatial differences in species diversity in the intertidal region of south Mumbai Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 29-37 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mascarenhas, a and Ingole, BS (2009) Miramar (Goa) beach management project: An oceanographic evaluation Coastal environments: Problems and perspectives A.C.I.K. Int. Pub. House; New Delhi; India 212-225 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Datta, SN; Chakraborty, SK; Jaiswar, AK and Ziauddin, G. (2010) A comparative study on intertidal faunal biodiversity of selected beaches of Mumbai coast Journal of Environmental Biology Academy of Environmental Biology, India, 31(6) 981-986 Available at - www.jeb.co.in/journal_issues/201011_nov10/paper_15.pdf
  • Jaiswar, AK and Kulkarni, BG (2001) Vertical distribution of molluscs in the intertidal area in and around Mumbai, India Journal of Indian fisheries association Indian fisheries association, Mumbai, India 28 93-100 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-25

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