Solenocera indica   Nataraj,  1945 (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Solenoceridae

Description
Size: Females upto 110 mm in length; males upto 80 mm in length.

Carapace smooth and glabrous. Rostrum small, straight, lanceolate and slightly ascending, reaching to tip of basal segment of antennular peduncle, armed with 9 to 10 teeth on upper margin. Post-rostral carina feeble, becoming distinct towards posterior region of carapace. Orbital angle dentiform. Post-orbital, antennal and hepatic spines small, thin and sharp. No branchiostegal or pterygostomian spine. Cervical groove oblique, deep and broad on sides, continues with that on the other side through very faint notch on post-rostral carina. Branchiostegal sulcus originates from angle of inferiolateral curve and runs backwaters towards posterior border of carapace. Petasma in males and thelycum in females enable distinction between sexes. Telson deeply sulcate mid-dorsally on anterior two-thirds; Lateral margins devoid of spines; tip pointed and shorter than exopod of uropods. Thelycum consists of hard plate protruding from sternum behind 5th pair of legs, with tubercular projection between bases of legs; pair of closely approximated small knobs originating from sternum between 4th and 5th pairs of legs; hard vertical plate between 4th pair of legs; small inner lobe on coxa of 3rd leg. Cardiac plate armed on inner surface with about 16 pointed spinules arranged in longitudinal series. Cardiac ossicle sub-oval, pterocardiac bar-shaped, prezygocardiac minute and subrectangular, urocardiac with triangular anterior dilatation, zygocardiac with 2 large sharp conical teeth anteriorly and a row of 11 acute long teeth just above upper large tooth, prepyloric with about 10 slender acute teeth on each side. No tooth near anterior end of inner wall of pyloric chamber.

After mating in shallow waters, the females seem to move to deeper waters in June to October when the salinity drops along the Maharashtra coast resulting in the preponderance of males in the shallow waters. During October females have been found to be dominant.


Synonym (s)
Solenocera kuboi Hall, 1956
Solenocera subnuda Kubo, 1949
Solenocera indicus Nataraj, 1945
Solenocera indica Kunju, 1967

Common Name (s)
• Kolumbi (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Crustaceans (Acetes and Papaemon spp.), parts of fish with molluscs etc.

Biogeography


• West Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Pearl, TM and Reddy, PSR (1986) On the endophragmal skeleton of prawns: A taxonomical approach Indian Journal of Fisheries 33(1) 27-38
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • Enjoy with real Available at - http://enjoywithreal.com/
  • Kunju, MM (1969) Genera Solenocera lucas 1850, Atypopenaeus Alcock 1905, Hyppolysmata stimpson 1860, Palaemon Weber 1795 and Acetes M. Edwards 1830 Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 159-177 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-28

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