Cymatium pileare   Linnaeus,  1758 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Littorinimorpha
Family:Ranellidae

Description
Shell is somewhat elongate and spindle-shaped, with the spire strongly elevated and the body whorl tapering below. The whorls are closely and strongly spirally ribbed; the ribs present a finely beaded appearance and alternate ribs are stouter and rendered double by a median spiral groove dividing each of them partially. There are about seven varices, but only two are strongly developed, the rest being scarcely raised. The aperture is narrow, ovate with a moderately produced anterior canal. The columella and the inner surface of the outer lip are traversed by strong, whitish, wrinkle-like ridges, those on the outerlip occurring in pairs.


Synonym (s)
Murex pileare Linnaeus, 1758
Cymatium pileare Cernohorsky, 1967

Common Name (s)
• Hairy Triton
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used as a food resource.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Kerala, Vazhakala (Lat: 10.03) (Long: 76.28) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.29) (Long: 79.21) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 19/02/1986)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Gujarat, Gopnath INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahuva INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Saad, MAH (1984) Proceedings of the Symposium on Coral Reef environment of the Red Sea King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia 1-681 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Pillai, CSG; Appukuttan, KK and Kaladharan, P (1999) Occurrence of submerged Pleistocene stony corals and marine molluscs at Vazhakala near Cochin and their significance on sea level changes Indian Journal of Marine Sciences CSIR, New Delhi 28 96-98 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Surya Rao, KV and Subba Rao, NV (1991) Mollusca State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 273-362 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Ragunathan, C; Tewari, A; Joshi, HV; Sravan Kumar, VG; Trivedi, RH and Khambathy, Y (2003) Impact of turbidity on intertidal macrofauna at Gopnath, Mahuva and Veraval coasts(west coast of India) Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 32(3) 214-221 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4269/1/IJMS%2032%283%29%20214-221.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Gallego, JL Marine gastropods The malacologist's corner Available at - http://www.elrincondelmalacologo.com/Version%20inglesa/Mi%20coleccion%20index.htm
  • Satyamurti, ST (1952) The Mollusca of Krusadai island in the Gulf of Mannar I- Amphineura and Gastropoda Bulletin of the Madras Government 1(2) 265 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2013-02-12

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