Cossura coasta   Kitamori,  1960 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:
Family:Cossuridae

Description
Size: 15 mm long

Color: White

Body thread-like. Prostomium clearly demarcated with a blunt depressed cone and without eyes or appendages. Peristome and second segments partly fused, apodous and achaetous. Distinct parapodial lobes absent and the setae arise directly from the side of the body. Segment three has a single bundle of setae, but all subsequent segments with two separate bundles. The setae are all simple capillaries. A single, long slender gill arises from the dorsal surface of the setiger three. Last few segments lack setae and the pygidium bears three long filiform anal cirri.


Synonym (s)
Cossura coasta Thomas, 1964

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters (Lat: 9.97) (Long: 76.22) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary (Lat: 16.63) (Long: 82.3) INDIA
• Goa (Lat: 15.65) (Long: 73.74) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vasishta Godavari estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1974-03/1976)
• Maharashtra, Mahim Creek (Lat: 19.03) (Long: 72.82) INDIA (Record: 11/1979-12/1980)
• Maharashtra, Bassein creek-coastal system INDIA (Record: 1985-1986)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Harbour-Thane creek system INDIA (Record: 1985-1986)
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• North West Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Port INDIA (Record: 11/1996-12/1996)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 2005)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)
• Kerala, Kozhikode INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Harkantra, SN and Rodrigues, NR (2003) Pattern of species succession of soft-bottom macrofauna in the estuaries of Goa, west coast of India Current Science 85(10) 1458-1464 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (1995) Hugali Matla estuary: West Bengal ZSI, Kolkatta 1-542
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sheeba, P Distribution of benthic infauna in the Cochin backwaters in relation to environmental parameters (Ph. D thesis-Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India) 241 pp Available at - Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kochi, India
  • Rodrigues, NR (2003) Benthic ecology and bioturbation in the coastal waters of Goa, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Serebiah, JS; Stella, C and Kadhar, AA (2008) Assessment of benthos in the subtidal area of Thondi (Palk Bay), southeast Tamilnadu- GIS based explication Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 279-296 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jayaraj, KA; Sheeba, P; Jacob, J; Revichandran, C; Arun, PK; Praseeda, KS; Nisha, PA and Rasheed, KA (2007) Response of infaunal macrobenthos to the sediment granulometry in a tropical continental margin-southwest coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 77(4) 743-754 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.11.016
  • Pillai, NGK (2001) On some benthic polychaetes from Cochin Estuary Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 120-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raut, D; Ganesh, T; Murty, NVSS and Raman, AV (2005) Macrobenthos of Kakinada Bay in the Godavari delta, East coast of India: comparing decadal changes Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 62(4) 609-620 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2004.09.029
  • Varshney, PK and Govindan, K (1995) Macrobenthos off Mahim (Bombay), west coast of India in relation to coastal pollution and aquaculture Journal of Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 47-56 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/395
  • Mathew, A and Govindan, K (1995) Macrobenthos in the nearshore coastal system of Bombay Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India (B: Biological Sciences) National Academy of Sciences, India 65 (IV) 411-430 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/2286
  • Rao, S; Rao, MS and Annapurna, C (2009) Polychaete community structure of Vasishta Godavari estuary,east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 51(2) 137-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2167/1/137-144-Srinivasa_Rao.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Joydas, TV and Damodaran, R (2009) Infaunal macrobenthos along the shelf waters of the west coast of India, Arabian Sea Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 38(2) 191-204 Available at - http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/4670/1/IJMS%2038%28%29%20191-204.pdf
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • Jayaraj, KA; Josia, J and Kumar, PKD (2008) Infaunal Macrobenthic Community of Soft Bottom Sediment in a Tropical Shelf Journal of Coastal Research CERF 24(3) 708–718 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints08/J_Coast_Res_24_708.pdf
  • Sukumaran, S and Devi, KS (2009) Polychaete diversity and its relevance in the rapid environmental assessment of Mumbai Port Current Science Current Science Association in collaboration with the Indian Academy of Sciences 97(10) 1439-1444 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/3456/1/Curr_Sci_97_1439.pdf
  • Martin, GD; Nisha, PA; Balachandran, KK; Madhu, NV; Nair, M; Shaiju, P; Joseph, T; Srinivas, K; and Gupta, GVM (2011) Eutrophication induced changes in benthic community structure of a flow-restricted tropical estuary (Cochin backwaters), India Environ Monit Assess Springer Science 176 427–438 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1594-1
  • Musale, AS and Desai, DV (2011) Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the south Indian coast Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 178(1-4) 423-436 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1701-3

Page last updated on:2011-09-30

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