Onuphis eremita   Audouin & Milne Edwards,  1833 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Polychaeta

Size: Length 80-125 mm. width: 4.5 mm for 341 setigers.

Color: Back violet, ventral side white. In spirit, yellowish-grey, iridescent, with brown spots.

Gills begin on the first foot, simple on the 10-22 succeeding feet, pectinate in the succeeding region, and attain 5-6 filaments. Pseudo-compound bristles with bi- or tri-dentate terminal piece, in the first 3-5 feet. Tentacles with long, ringed ceratophores. Eyes absent.

Synonym (s)
Onuphis eremita Ben-Eliahu, 1972
Onuphis eremita Fauchald, 1982
Onuphis eremita Fauvel, 1927
Onuphis eremita Mohammad, 1980
Onuphis eremita Monro, 1937
Onuphis eremita Wesenberg-Lund, 1949
Onuphis eremita Audouin and Milne Edwards, 1833
Diopatra simplex Grube, 1840
(Subjective synonym)
Onuphis landanaensis Augener, 1918
(Subjective synonym)
Onuphis pancerii Claparede, 1868
(Subjective synonym)
Onuphis basipicta Willey, 1905

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy


• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary (Lat: 15.72) (Long: 73.7) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Estuary (Lat: 13.01) (Long: 80.28) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Arabian Sea
• Gulf of Oman
• Arabian Gulf
• Maharashtra, Kalbadevi INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Estuary INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA (Record: 12/2006-01/2007) (Depth: 26-28 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Harkantra, SN and Rodrigues, NR (2003) Pattern of species succession of soft-bottom macrofauna in the estuaries of Goa, west coast of India Current Science 85(10) 1458-1464 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Eibye-Jacobson, D (Ed) (2002) Proceedings of the International Workshop on the Polychaetes of the Andaman Sea, Phuket Marine Biological Center, Department of Fisheries, Thailand, 3 June-27 August 1997 Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication no. 24 Phuket Marine Biological Center, Phuket, Thailand 424 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hartman, O (1974) Polychaetous annelids of the Indian Ocean including an account of species collected by members of the International Indian Ocean Expeditions, 1963-1964, and a catalogue and bibliography of the species from India. Part II Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India 16(2) 609-644 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Dhargalkar, V and Ingole, B (2005) Survey of inventorization of coastal biodiversity at three estuarine sites along the central west coast of India 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Mohammad, MBM (1980) Polychaete annelids from Kuwaitian Islands, Arabian Gulf, with descriptions of four new species Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 69(1) 31-42 Available at - Zoological records
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sivadas, S (2008) Impact of Anthropogenic activities on macrobenthic communities of west coast of India Goa University, Goa 257 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sivadas, S; Ingole, B and Nanajkar, M (2010) Benthic polychaetes as good indicators of anthropogenic impact Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 39(2) 201-211 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Krishnamoorthi, B (1963) On the distribution of six species of polychaetes in the Adyar estuary, Madras Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 5(1) 97-102 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Musale, AS and Desai, DV (2011) Distribution and abundance of macrobenthic polychaetes along the south Indian coast Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer 178(1-4) 423-436 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1701-3

Page last updated on:2011-09-30

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