Ophiocnemis marmorata   (Lamarck,  1816) (Brittle Star)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Ophiuroidea
Order:Ophiurida
Family:Ophiotrichidae

Image copyrights: Tim O Hara, Museum Victoria

Description
Dorsal disc with large naked radial shields and small rounded granulation. Ventral interradial disc with only skin-covering. Dorsal arm plates as broad as long, keeled in the middle. Distal and proximal margins of ventral arm plates concave. Arm spines five, blunt, middle one longest. Only a cluster of infradental oral papillae, no lateral oral papillae.


Synonym (s)
Ophiura marmorata Lamarck, 1816
Ophiocnemis marmorata Cherbonnier and Guille, 1978
Ophiura marmorata Lamarck, 1816

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA (Record: 17/06/1885, 18/10/1889)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2002) Echinodermata associated with coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Zoological Survey of India ZSI 100(3-4) 21-60 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1995) Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea (Echinodermata) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 327-338 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • James, DB (1983) Research on Indian echinoderms-A review Journal of Marine Biological association of India The Marine Biological Association of India. 25(1&2) 91-108 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1294/1/James_91-108.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • The barcode of life data systems Biodiversity Institute of Ontario Available at - http://www.barcodinglife.org/index.php

Page last updated on:2011-04-29

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