Polinices tumidus   (Swainson,  1840) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Littorinimorpha
Family:Naticidae

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Description
Size: Height 9.25 - 12.00 mm, maximum diameter 14.90 - 32.50 mm, minimum diameter 11.65 - 24.00 mm.

Color: Ivory-white in appearance.

Shells are easily distinguishable by its pyriformly ovate shape, with broad columellar callosity filling the umbilicus. Shell heavy, spire short; aperture semicircular and obliquely inclined.


Synonym (s)
Mamillaria tumida Swainson, 1840
Natica mamilla Reeve, 1855
Albula mamilla Gravely, 1942
Polynices mamilla Satyamurti, 1952
Polinices tumidus Cernohorsky, 1972
Mamillaria tumidus Swainson, 1840
Polinices (Polinices) tumidus Cernohorsky, 1971
Polinices tumidus Mookherjee, 1985

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA (Record: 03/03/1925 - 05/03/1925)
• Tamil Nadu, Hare Island INDIA (Record: 22/02/1968)
• Tamil Nadu, Tharangambadi INDIA (Record: 13/02/1975)
• Tamil Nadu, Tiruchendur INDIA (Record: 25/01/1978)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• Gulf of Oman
• Makran Coast PAKISTAN
• Red Sea
• Perim Island YEMEN
• Aden YEMEN
• MALDIVES
• MAURITIUS
• Zanzibar Island TANZANIA
• SEYCHELLES
• Natal SOUTH AFRICA
• Maungmagan MYANMAR
• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 15/03/1983, 27/06/1984, 12/07/1984, 27/11/1984)
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• West Bengal, Subarnarekha Mouth INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2001)
• West Bengal, New Digha INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2001)
• West Bengal, Old Digha INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kundugal Point INDIA
• Cocos (Keeling) Atoll

Literature Source(s)
  • (2002) Lakshadweep Islands biodiversity strategy and action plan (Version: 3)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mookherjee, HP (1985) Contributions to the Molluscan fauna of India, Part III. Marine molluscs of the Coromandel coast, Palk Bay and Gulf of Mannar - Gastropoda: Mesogastropoda (Part-2) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no. 75 ZSI, Calcutta 93 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Khalua, RK; Chakravarty, G and Chakraborty, SK (2003) Annotated list of molluscs from the coastal tract of Midnapore District, West Bengal, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 245-249 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-06

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