Phyllospongia foliascens   (Pallas,  1766) (Sponge)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Porifera
Class: Demospongiae
Order:Dictyoceratida
Family:Thorectidae

Description
Size: 10-20cm in diameter and about 10-20cm tall

The sponge is generally vase- or barrel-shaped, larger ones with a cavity in the centre. There are often finger-like bumps or ridges on the outside. Often several 'vases' of various sizes are found together emerging from what appears to be a common base. The outside of the sponge is often covered with tiny beige bits that are unidentified.

Synonym (s)
Carteriospongia foliascens Burton, 1934
Phyllospongia foliascens Lendenfeld 1889
Phyllospongia lekanis De Laubenfels, 1954
Spongia foliascens Pallas, 1766

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Bapuji, M; Sree, A; Mishra, S; Vimala, A; Sahu, SK; Choudhury, S and Thomas, PA (3634) The new sponge resources of Orrisa coast Current Science Indian Acadamy Of Science 77(2) Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Alfred, JRB; Das, AK and Sanyal, AK (Eds.) (1998) Faunal diversity in India ZSI, Calcutta 1-497 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Russell, FE and Nagabhushanam, R (1996) Minor phyla in the venomous and poisonous marine invertebrates of the Indian Ocean 1-271 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thomas, PA (1973) Marine Demospongiae of Mahe Island in the Seychelles bank (Indian Ocean) 35065 Available at - CMFRI, Kochi
  • Pattanayak, JG (2006) Marine sponges of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Records of the Zoological Survey of India- Occasional Paper No: 255 Zoological Survey of India 164
  • Tan, R Wild fact sheets Available at - http://www.wildsingapore.com/wildfacts/index.html
  • Thomas, PA (1989) Sponge fauna of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 150-161 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Thomas, PA (1979) Demospongiae of Minicoy island (Indian ocean)-Part 1- Orders Keratosida and Haplosclerida Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 21(1&2) 10-16 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-18

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